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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Psittaciformes

Familia: Psittaculidae
Subfamilia: Loriinae
Genus: Trichoglossus
Species: T. capistratus – T. chlorolepidotus - T. euteles – T. flavoviridis – T. forsteni – T. haematodus – T. johnstoniae – T. moluccanus – T. ornatus – T. rosenbergii – T. rubiginosus – T. rubritorquis– T. weberi


Trichoglossus Stephens, 1826

General Zoology [Shaw] 14 (1): 129.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Keilschwanzloris
English: Lorikeet
suomi: Sateenkaarilurit
français: Loriquet
italiano: Tricoglosso
lietuvių: Loriketos
русский: Лорикеты
తెలుగు: ట్రైకోగ్లోస్సస్

Trichoglossus is a genus of lorikeet in the Psittaculidae or true parrot superfamily. The genus is distributed widely through Australia, Wallacea and Melanesia, with outliers in the Philippines and Micronesia. Members of the genus are characterised by barring, sometimes prominently, on the upper breast.[1]

The genus Trichoglossus was introduced in 1826 by the English naturalist James Francis Stephens.[2] The name combines the Ancient Greek thrix meaning "hair" and glōssa meaning "tongue".[3] The type species was subsequently designated as the coconut lorikeet.[4][5]

Following the publication of a molecular phylogenetic study of the lorikeets in 2020, three species were moved from Trichoglossus to the newly erected genus Saudareos. These were the Mindanao lorikeet, the ornate lorikeet and the Sula lorikeet (formerly the citrine lorikeet).[6][7][8]

The genus contains ten species:[8]

Image Common name Scientific name Distribution
Pohnpei Lorikeet-4c.jpg Pohnpei lorikeet Trichoglossus rubiginosus Pohnpei (Micronesia)
Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus -Australia-8a-3c.jpg Scaly-breasted lorikeet Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus Eastern Australia
Trichoglossus haematodus -Jurong Bird Park, Singapore -Dec2009.jpg Coconut lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus south Moluccas, west New Guinea and east to Loyalty Islands
Trichoglossus haematodus rosenbergii -Nashville Zoo-6a-3c.jpg Biak Lorikeet Trichoglossus rosenbergii Biak Island
Rainbow Lorikeet - AndrewMercer IMG08212.jpg Rainbow lorikeet Trichoglossus moluccanus Australia, (introduced to Hong Kong)
Trichoglossus haematodus rubritorquis -Lion Country Safari-6-4c.jpg Red-collared lorikeet Trichoglossus rubritorquis east Lesser Sundas to north Australia
Trichoglossus euteles -captive-8a-3c.jpg Olive-headed lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles Lesser Sundas: Indonesia and Timor-Leste
Trichoglossus haematodus capistratus -Lion Country Safari-8-3c.jpg Marigold lorikeet Trichoglossus capistratus Islands of Sumba, Wetar and Timor in south-east Asia
Trichoglossus haematodus weberi -8-1c.jpg Leaf lorikeet Trichoglossus weberi Flores
Trichoglossus haematodus -Newport Aquarium-8a-2c.jpg Sunset lorikeet Trichoglossus forsteni west Lesser Sunda Islands


Low, Rosemary (1978). Lories and Lorikeets. Inkata Press: Melbourne. p. 69. ISBN 0-909605-08-4.
Stephens, James Francis (1812). General Zoology, or Systematic Natural History. Vol. 14, Part 1. London: Kearsley et al. p. 129.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 389. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Lesson, René P. (1828). Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Description des genres et des principales espèces d'oiseaux (in French). Vol. 2. Paris: Roret. p. 147.
Dickinson, E.C.; Remsen, J.V., Jr., eds. (2013). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Vol. 1: Non-passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 382. ISBN 978-0-9568611-0-8.
Smith, B.T.; Mauck, W.M.I.; Benz, B.W.; Andersen, M.J. (2020). "Uneven missing data skew phylogenomic relationships within the lories and lorikeets". Genome Biology and Evolution. 12 (7): 1131–1147. doi:10.1093/gbe/evaa113.
Joseph, L.; Merwin, J.; Smith, B.T. (2020). "Improved systematics of lorikeets reflects their evolutionary history and frames conservation priorities". Emu – Austral Ornithology. 120 (3): 201–215. doi:10.1080/01584197.2020.1779596.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). "Parrots, cockatoos". IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 24 July 2021.

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