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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Strepsirrhini
Infraordo: Lorisiformes
Familia: Lorisidae
Genus: Loris
Species: L. lydekkerianus - L. tardigradus


Loris É. Geoffroy, 1796

Type species: Lemur tardigradus Linnaeus, 1758


* Stenops Illiger, 1811
* Tardigradus Boddaert, 1785


* Loris on Mammal Species of the World.
Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* Mag. Encyclop. 1: 48.

Vernacular names
English: Slender Loris

Loris is the common name for the strepsirrhine primates of the subfamily Lorisinae in family Lorisidae. Loris is one genus in this subfamily and includes the slender lorises, while Nycticebus is the genus for the slow lorises.

Lorises are nocturnal. They are found in tropical and woodland forests of India, Sri Lanka, and southeast Asia. Loris locomotion is a slow and cautious climbing form of quadrupedalism. Some lorises are almost entirely insectivorous, while others also include fruits, gums, leaves, and slugs in their diet.[2]

Female lorises practice infant parking, leaving their young infants behind in nests. Before they do this they bathe their young with allergenic saliva that is acquired by licking patches on the insides of their elbows that produce a mild toxin that discourages most predators,[2] though orangutans occasionally eat lorises.[3]

Taxonomic classification

The family Lorisidae is found within the infraorder Lorisiformes with the family Galagidae, the galagos. This infraorder is a sister taxon of Lemuriformes, the lemurs. Within Lorisinae, there are five species of lorises in two genera.[1]

Family Lorisidae
Subfamily Perodicticinae
Subfamily Lorisinae
Genus Loris
Gray slender loris, Loris lydekkerianus
Highland slender loris, Loris lydekkerianus grandis
Mysore slender loris, Loris lydekkerianus lydekkerianus
Malabar slender loris, Loris lydekkerianus malabaricus
Northern slender loris, Loris lydekkerianus nordicus
Red slender loris, Loris tardigradus
Dry Zone slender loris, Loris tardigradus tardigradus
Horton Plains slender loris, Loris tardigradus nyctoceboides
Genus Nycticebus
Sunda slow loris, Nycticebus coucang
Bengal slow loris, Nycticebus bengalensis
Pygmy slow loris, Nycticebus pygmaeus
Javan slow loris, Nycticebus javanicus
Bornean slow loris, Nycticebus menagensis
? Nycticebus linglom (fossil, Miocene)


^ a b Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M, eds. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 122-123. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.
^ a b Jurmain et al (2008). Introduction to Physical Anthropology.
^ http://www.orangutan.org/orangutan-facts/orangutan-ecology

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License