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Macroscelides proboscideus

Macroscelides proboscideus, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Macroscelidea
Familia: Macroscelididae
Genus: Macroscelides
Species: Macroscelides proboscideus
Subspecies: M. p. flavicaudatus - M. p. proboscideus


Macroscelides proboscideus (Shaw, 1800)

Type locality: South Africa, Western Cape Province, Oudtshoorn Div., Roodeval


* Macroscelides typus A. Smith, 1829
* Sorex proboscideus Shaw, 1800

Vernacular names
Polski: Ryjoskoczek krótkouchy


* Macroscelides proboscideus on Mammal Species of the World.
Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* Gen. Zool. Syst. Nat. Hist. 1(2), Mammalia, p. 536.

The Short-eared Elephant Shrew (Macroscelides proboscideus), or Round-eared Sengi or Round-eared Elephant Shrew, is a species of elephant shrew in the Macroscelididae family. It is found in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, and hot deserts.[2] They eat insects, shoots, and roots. Their gestation period is 56 days. The Short-eared Elephant Shrew is the only species in its genus (monotypic), but is still grouped with the soft-furred (non-giant) elephant shrews[3].

Elephant-shrews are among only a handful of monogamous mammals, making them a model group for the study of monogamy. The Short-eared Elephant Shrews have been studied for their mate guarding behavior[4].


^ Schlitter, Duane A. (16 November 2005). Wilson, Don E., and Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). pp. 83. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
^ a b Stuart, C., Perrin, M., FitzGibbon, C., Griffin, M. & Smit, H. (2008). Macroscelides proboscideus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 29 December 2008.
^ California Academy of Sciences. Elephant-shrews or Sengis: Macroscelidea.
^ Bernard, R. T. F., G. I. H. Kerley, T. Doubell and A. Davison 1996. Reproduction in the round-eared elephant shrew (Macroscelides proboscideus) in the southern Karoo, South Africa. Journal of Zoology, London, 240 233-243.

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