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Madoqua kirkii

Madoqua kirkii (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Artiodactyla
Subordo: Ruminantia
Familia: Bovidae
Subfamilia: Antilopinae
Genus: Madoqua
Species: Madoqua kirkii


Madoqua kirkii Günther

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Kirk-Dikdik
English: Kirk's Dik-dik
Français: Dik-dik de Kirk
Italiano: Dik-dik di Kirk
Lietuvių: Kirko dikdikas


* Madoqua kirkii on Mammal Species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* Günther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1880:17.


Kirk's Dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii) is a small antelope found in eastern and southwestern Africa. It grows to 70 centimetres (28 in) in length and weighs up to 7 kilograms (15 lb) when full grown. It has a reddish-brown head and a tail that is 35–55 cm (14–22 in) long.

It has a soft, grizzled gray to brown coat, and eats a wide range of plants. It has hooves with rubbery bottoms, which are effective when traveling over rocky terrain. Newborns are hidden for 2–3 weeks, and suckle for 3–4 months.

Genetic and behavioural evidence suggests that Kirk's Dik-dik exhibits a fidelity in monogamous behaviour. Genetic analysis of off-spring indicate little non-pair parentage. Year-round, Kirk's Dik-dik maintains close within pairs, follows each-others activity patterns and spends more than half of their time with their partners, although males show no parental care. The males guard their mates closely during oestrus and over-mark all female scent. This behaviour reduces the likelihood of other males attempting to mate, however, males did attempt mate with other females on occasion. Genetic monogamy in dik-diks is probably best explained by the behaviour of females: in contrast to many monogamous female birds, female dik-diks do not appear to seek to mate outside the pair-bond.


Usually four subspecies of Kirk's Dik-dik are distinguished, but in fact they may represent three or more distinct species[2]:

* M. k. kirkii
* M. k. cavendishi (Thomas, 1898) – Cavendish's Dik-dik
* M. k. damarensis – Damara Dik-dik
* M. k. hindei

1. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008) Madoqua kirkii In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. Retrieved on March 4, 2010.
2. ^ Grubb, Peter (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M.. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.

* Animal, Smithsonian Institution, 2005, pg. 253
* Brotherton PN, Pemberton JM, Komers PE, Malarky G. Genetic and behavioural evidence of monogamy in a mammal, Kirk's dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii). Proc Biol Sci. 1997 May 22;264(1382):675-81

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Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License