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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Tubulidentata
Familia: Orycteropodidae
Genera: †Amphiorycteropus - †Leptorycteropus - †Myorycteropus - Orycteropus


Orcycteropodidae Gray, 1821

Vernacular names
Magyar: Földimalacfélék
Suomi: Maasiat


* Lehmann, T. 2009: Phylogeny and systematics of the Orycteropodidae (Mammalia, Tubulidentata). Zoological journal of the Linnean Society, 155: 649-702.
* Orycteropodidae on Mammal species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* London Med. Repos. 15: 305.

Orycteropodidae is a family of afrotherian mammals. Although there are many fossil species, the only species surviving today is the aardvark, Orycteropus afer. Orycteropodidae is recognized as the only family within the order Tubulidentata, so the two are effectively synonyms.[1][2]

The family arose in Africa in the Early Miocene Epoch, and spread to Eurasia later in the Miocene. Most of the family's diversity had become extinct by the end of the Pliocene.[1]


A few anatomical characters unite the Orycteropodidae and Tubulidentata.

* the occipital region has extensive mastoid exposure
* the teeth have a distinctive structure called tubulidentate microstructure
* the femur has a pectineal tubercle
* the diaphysis of the tibia is curved mediolaterally


This classification follows Lehmann 2009.[1]

* Genus Amphiorycteropus Lehmann 2009
o † Amphiorycteropus gaudryi (Major, 1888) - type species
o † Amphiorycteropus abundulafus (Lehmann et al., 2005) [3]
o † Amphiorycteropus browni (Colbert, 1933) (= Orycteropus pilgrimi Colbert, 1933)
o † Amphiorycteropus depereti (Helbing, 1933)
o † Amphiorycteropus mauritanicus (Arambourg, 1959)

* † affinis (resembling) Amphiorycteropus
o † aff. Amphiorycteropus pottieri (Ozansoy, 1965)
o † aff. Amphiorycteropus seni (Tekkaya, 1993)

* Genus Orycteropus Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1796
o Orycteropus afer - Aardvark (type species)
o † Orycteropus crassidens MacInnes, 1956
o † Orycteropus djourabensis Lehmann et al., 2004

* Genus †Leptorycteropus Patterson, 1975
o †Leptorycteropus guilielmi Patterson, 1975 - type species

* Genus † Myorycteropus MacInnes, 1956
o † Myorycteropus africanus MacInnes, 1956 - type species

* † affinis (resembling) Myorycteropus
o † aff. Myorycteropus chemeldoi (Pickford, 1975)
o † aff. Myorycteropus minutus (Pickford, 1975)


1. ^ a b c d e Lehmann, Thomas (2009). "Phylogeny and systematics of the Orycteropodidae (Mammalia, Tubulidentata)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155: 649–702. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00460.x.
2. ^ Schlitter, Duane A. (16 November 2005). "Order Tubulidentata (p. 86)". In Wilson, Don E., and Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
3. ^ Lehmann, Thomas; Vignaud, Patrick; Likius, Andossa; Brunet, Michel (2005). "A new species of Orycteropodidae (Mammalia, Tubulidentata) in the Mio-Pliocene of northern Chad". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 143 (1): 109–131. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00143.x.

Further reading

* "A sub-complete fossil aardvark (Mammalia, Tubulidentata) from the Upper Miocene of Chad". doi:10.1016/j.crpv.2005.12.016
* MacInnes D. G. (1956). Fossil Tubulidentata from East Africa. British Museum (Natural History), London. Fossil mammals of Africa series; no. 10. 46 pp.

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