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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata Episquamata Toxicofera
Subordo: Iguania
Infraordo: Acrodonta

Familia: Agamidae
Subfamilia: Amphibolurinae
Genus: Hypsilurus
Species (18): H. auritus – H. binotatus – H. bruijnii – H. capreolatus – H. geelvinkianus – H. godeffroyi – H. hikidanus – H. longi – H. macrolepis – H. magnus – H. modestus – H. nigrigularis – H. ornatus – H. papuensis – H. schoedei – H. schultzewestrumi – H. spinosus – H. tenuicephalus

Hypsilurus Peters, 1867: 707

Type species: Lophura (Hypsilurus) godeffroyi Peters, 1867, by monotypy.


Arua Doria, 1874: 345
Type species: Gonyocephalus (Arua) inornatus Doria, 1874, by monotypy.
Lophosteus Peters & Doria, 1878: 377
Type species: Gonyocephalus (Lophosteus) albertisii Peters & Doria, 1878, by monotypy.
Diptychodera Boettger, 1893: 45
Type species: Diptychodera lobata Boettger, 1893, by monotypy.

Primary references

Peters, W. 1867. Über Flederthiere (Pteropus gouldii, Rhinolophus deckenii, Vespertilio lobipes, Vesperugo temminckii) und Amphibien (Hypsilurus godeffroyi, Lygosoma scutatum, Stenostoma narirostre, Onychocephalus unguirostris, Ahaetulla poylepis, Pseudechis scutellatus). Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussische Akademie des Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1867: 703–712. BHL

Additional references

Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2006. A revision of the Melanesian-Australian angle head lizards of the genus Hypsilurus (Sauria: Agamidae: Amphibolurinae), with description of four new species and one new subspecies. Hamadryad 30(1/2): 1–40. Reference page.
Denzer, W. & Manthey, U. 2016. Remarks on the taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus Hypsilurus Peters, 1867 (Reptilia, Agamidae, Amphibolurinae). Zoosystematics and Evolution 92(1): 103–110. DOI: 10.3897/zse.92.7469 Open access Reference page.
Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2016. Melanesische Winkelkopfagamen der Gattung Hypsilurus Peters, 1867–Teil 1: Arten von Neuguinea (In German). Sauria 38(3): 11–36. Reference page.
Tallowin, O.J.S., Meiri, S., Donnellan, S.C., Richards, S.J., Austin, C.C. & Oliver, P.M. 2020. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129(1): 99–113. DOI: 10.1093/biolinnean/blz125 Paywall Reference page.
Denzer, W., Hallermann, J., Manthey, U. & Ohler, A. 2020. Lophyrus spinosus C. Duméril & A. Duméril, 1851, a case of mistaken identity. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 45–52. DOI: 10.3897/evolsyst.4.49023 Open access Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Hypsilurus . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 5 July 2020.
Hypsilurus – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names
English: Melanesian Forest Dragons

Hypsilurus is a genus of arboreal lizards in the family Agamidae. The genus is endemic to Melanesia.[2]

As of 2020, Hypsilurus contains the following 18 species:[3]

Hypsilurus auritus (Meyer, 1874)
Hypsilurus binotatus (Meyer, 1874) – two-marked forest dragon
Hypsilurus bruijnii (W. Peters & Doria, 1878) – Bruijn's forest dragon
Hypsilurus capreolatus Kraus & S. Myers, 2012
Hypsilurus geelvinkianus (W. Peters & Doria, 1878) – New Guinea forest dragon
Hypsilurus godeffroyi (W. Peters, 1867) – northern forest dragon
Hypsilurus hikidanus Manthey & Denzer, 2006 – Hikida's forest dragon
Hypsilurus longi (Macleay, 1877) – Long's forest dragon
Hypsilurus macrolepis W. Peters, 1872
Hypsilurus magnus Manthey & Denzer, 2006
Hypsilurus modestus (Meyer, 1874) – modest forest dragon
Hypsilurus nigrigularis (Meyer, 1874)
Hypsilurus ornatus Manthey & Denzer, 2006 – Denzer's forest dragon
Hypsilurus papuensis (Macleay, 1877) – Papua forest dragon
Hypsilurus schoedei (T. Vogt, 1932) – Vogt's forest dragon
Hypsilurus schultzewestrumi (Urban, 1999)
Hypsilurus spinosus (A.M.C. Duméril & A.H.A. Duméril, 1851)
Hypsilurus tenuicephalus Mathey & Denzer, 2006

Three species previously assigned to the genus Hypsilurus have now been moved to the genus Lophosaurus:[4]

Hypsilurus boydii (Macleay, 1884) – Boyd's forest dragon
Hypsilurus dilophus (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837) – Indonesian forest dragon
Hypsilurus spinipes (A.M.C. Duméril & A.H.A. Duméril, 1851) – southern forest dragon, southern angle-headed dragon

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Hypsilurus.

"Hypsilurus W. C. H. Peters, 1867". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
Honda M, Ota H, Sengoku S, Yong HS, Hikida T (2002). "Molecular evaluation of phylogenetic significances in the highly divergent karyotypes of the genus Gonocephalus (Reptilia: Agamidae) from tropical Asia" (PDF). Zoological Science. 19 (1): 129–133. doi:10.2108/zsj.19.129. hdl:2433/57213. PMID 12025399. S2CID 38549668.
Hypsilurus at the Reptile Database. Accessed 5 September 2013.

Denzer, Wolfgang; Manthey, Ulrich (2016). "Remarks on the taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus Hypsilurus Peters, 1867 (Reptilia, Agamidae, Amphibolurinae)". Zoosystematics and Evolution. 92: 103–110. doi:10.3897/zse.92.7469.

Further reading
Wikispecies has information related to Hypsilurus.

Manthey U, Denzer W (2016). "Melanesian anglehead lizards of the genus Hypsilurus Peters, 1867 – Part 1: Species from New Guinea". Sauria 38 (3): 11–36.
Peters W (1867). "Über Flederthiere ... und Amphibien ( Hypsilurus ... )". Monatsberichte der Königlich-Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1867: 703–712. (Hypsilurus, new subgenus, pp. 707–708). (in German).

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