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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata Episquamata Toxicofera
Subordo: Iguania
Infraordo: Acrodonta

Familia: Chamaeleonidae
Subfamilia: Chamaeleoninae
Genus: Kinyongia
Species: K. adolfifriderici – K. asheorum – K. carpenteri – K. excubitor – K. fischeri – K. gyrolepis – K. magomberae – K. oxyrhinum – K. tavetanum – K. tenue – K. uthmoelleri – K. vanheygeni – K. xenorhinum

[list of species after Tilbury, Tolley & Branch (2006: 34), Nečas et al. (2009), Nečas (2009), Menegon et al. (2009)]

+ 5 others?

Kinyongia Tilbury, Tolley & Branch, 2006

Type species

Chamaeleo fischeri Reichenow, 1887, by original designation

Bradypodion tavetanum sleeping

Kinyongia tavetana (tavetanum), sleeping

cited sources

Menegon, M.; Tolley, K.A.; Jones, T.; Rovero, F.; Marshall, A.R.; Tilbury, C.R. 2009: A new species of chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae: Kinyongia) from the Magombera forest and the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania. African journal of herpetology, 58: 59–70. ISSN: 0441-6651 PDF
Nečas, P. 2009: A new chameleon of the genus Kinyongia Tilbury, Tolley & Branch 2006 from Poroto Mts., southern Tanzania (Reptilia: Sauria: Chamaelonidae). Sauria, 31(2): 41–48. [not seen]
Nečas, P.; Sindaco, R.; Kořený, L.; Kopečná, J.; Malonza, P.K.; Modrý, D. 2009: Kinyongia asheorum sp. n., a new montane chameleon from the Nyiro Range, northern Kenya (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa, 2028: 41–50. Abstract & excerpt
Tilbury, C.R.; Tolley, K.A.; Branch, W.R. 2006: A review of the systematics of the genus Bradypodion (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with the description of two new genera. Zootaxa, 1363: 23–38. Abstract & excerpt

Additional references

Eli Greenbaum, Krystal A. Tolley, Abdulmeneem Joma, and Chifundera Kusamba (2012) A New Species of Chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae: Kinyongia) from the Northern Albertine Rift, Central Africa. Herpetologica: March 2012, Vol. 68, No. 1, pp. 60–75. DOI: 10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-11-00026.1 [abstract only seen]
Klaver, C.; Böhme, W. 1988: Systematics of Bradypodion tenue (Matschie, 1892) (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae) with a description of a new species from the Uluguru and Uzungwe Mountains, Tanzania. Bonner zoologische Beiträge, 39: 381–393.
Lutzmann, N.; Nečas, P. 2002: On the status of Bradypodion tavetanum (Steindachner, 1891) from Taita-Hills, Kenya, with description of a new subspecies (Reptilia: Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). Salamandra, 38: 5–14.


BHL bibliography
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
Kinyongia – Taxon details on Encyclopedia of Life (EOL).
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Kinyongia.
Nomenclator Zoologicus
Kinyongia at the New Reptile Database. Accessed on 17 Mar 2008.

Vernacular names
English: African Chameleons

Kinyongia (derived from the group's name in Kiswahili language)[1] is a chameleon genus recently established for several plesiomorphic species found in forest and woodland in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and far eastern DR Congo. All except K. adolfifriderici and K. tavetana are restricted to highlands, and many have very small geographic ranges. In most, at least the males have horns or knobs on their noses. They had been placed into the genus Bradypodion for some time.[2][3] It has recently been pointed out that the ending to the specific epithet in several of the below listed species should be modified to match the feminine genus name.[4]

The following 23 species are recognized as being valid.[5]

Kinyongia adolfifriderici (Sternfeld, 1912) – Ituri chameleon
Kinyongia asheorum (Nečas et al., 2009) – Mount Nyiro bearded chameleon
Kinyongia boehmei (Lutzmann & Nečas, 2002) – Boehme's chameleon
Kinyongia carpenteri (Parker, 1929) – Carpenter's chameleon
Kinyongia excubitor (Barbour, 1911) – Mt. Kenya hornless chameleon
Kinyongia fischeri (Reichenow, 1887) – Fischer's chameleon
Kinyongia gyrolepis (Greenbaum et al., 2012) – Lendu chameleon
Kinyongia itombwensis Hughes et al., 2017 – Itombwe forest chameleon
Kinyongia magomberae Menegon et al., 2009 – Magombera chameleon
Kinyongia matschiei (F. Werner, 1895) – giant monkey-tailed East Usambara two-horned chameleon
Kinyongia msuyae Menegon et al., 2015
Kinyongia multituberculata (Nieden, 1913) – West Usambara two-horned chameleon
Kinyongia mulyai Tilbury & Tolley, 2015
Kinyongia oxyrhina (Klaver & W. Böhme, 1988) – sharp-nosed chameleon
Kinyongia rugegensis Hughes et al., 2017 – Rugege highlands forest chameleon
Kinyongia tavetana (Steindachner, 1891) – dwarf Fischer's chameleon, dwarf two-horned chameleon
Kinyongia tenuis (Matschie, 1892) – Usambara soft-horned chameleon
Kinyongia tolleyae Hughes et al., 2017 – Tolley's forest chameleon
Kinyongia uluguruensis (Loveridge, 1957) – Uluguru two-horned chameleon
Kinyongia uthmoelleri (L. Müller, 1938) – Hanang hornless chameleon
Kinyongia vanheygeni Nečas, 2009 – Van Heygen's chameleon
Kinyongia vosseleri (Nieden, 1913) – East Usambara two-horned chameleon
Kinyongia xenorhina (Boulenger, 1901) – strange-nosed chameleon

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Kinyongia.

Lutzmann, Nicolà (2008). "Some important changes in the systematics of Bradypodion Fitzinger, 1843". Chameleons! Online E-Zine, February 2008. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
Klaver CJ, Böhme W (1986). "Phylogeny and classification of the Chamaeleonidae (Sauria) with special reference to hemipenis morphology". Bonner Zoologische Monographien 22: 1–64.
Tolley, Krystal A.; Tilbury, Colin R.; Branch, William R. (2004). "Phylogenetics of the southern African dwarf chameleons, Bradypodion (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 354–365. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00211-2 PDF fulltext Archived 2007-02-02 at the Wayback Machine
Tolley, Krystal A.; Tilbury, Colin R.; Branch, William R. (2007). "Corrections to species names recently placed in Kinyongia and Nadzikambia (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae)". Zootaxa 1426: 68.

"Kinyongia ". The Reptile Database.

Further reading

Necas P, Sindaco R, Korený L, Kopečná J, Malonza PK, Modrý D (2009). "Kinyongia asheorum sp. n., a new montane chameleon from the Nyiro Range, northern Kenya (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae)". Zootaxa 2028: 41–50.
Tilbury CR, Tolley KA, Branch WR (2006). "A review of the genus Bradypodion (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with the descriptions of two new genera". Zootaxa 1363: 23–38. (Kinyongia, new genus).

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