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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Scincomorpha
Superfamilia: Scincoidea

Familia: Xantusiidae
Subfamilia: Xantusiinae
Genus: Lepidophyma
Species (21): L. chicoasensis – L. cuicateca – L. dontomasi – L. flavimaculatum – L. gaigeae – L. inagoi – L. lineri – L. lipetzi – L. lowei – L. lusca – L. mayae – L. micropholis – L. occulor – L. pajapanensis – L. radula – L. reticulatum – L. smithii – L. sylvaticum – L. tarascae – L. tuxtlae – L. zongolica

Lepidophyma Duméril in Duméril & Duméril, 1851: 137

Type species: Lepidophyma flavimaculatum Duméril, 1851, by monotypy.

Primary references

Duméril, A.M.C. & Duméril, A.H.A. 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret: Paris. iv + 224 pp. Reference page.

Additional references

Canseco-Márquez, L., Gutiérrez-Mayen, G. & Mendoza-Hernández, A.A. 2008. A new species of night-lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Cuicatlán Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. Zootaxa 1750: 59–67. Abstract & excerpt. Reference page.
García-Vázquez, U.O., Canseco-Márquez, L. & Aguilar-López, J.L. 2010. A new species of nightlizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from southern Puebla, México. Zootaxa 2657: 47–54. Preview. Reference page.
Palacios-Aguilar, R., Santos-Bibiano, R. & Flores-Villela, O. 2018. A New Species of Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Pacific Lowlands of Guerrero, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 52(3): 327–331. DOI: 10.1670/17-061 Reference page.
Arenas-Moreno, D.M., Muñoz-Nolasco, F.J., Bautista-Del Moral, A., Rodríguez-Miranda, L.A., Domínguez-Guerrero, S.F. & Méndez-de la Cruz, F.R. 2021. A new species of Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from San Luis Potosí, México, with notes on its physiological ecology. Zootaxa 4949(1): 115–130. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4949.1.6 Paywall Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Lepidophyma . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 19 July 2019.

Vernacular names
English: Tropical Night Lizards

Lepidophyma is a genus of lizards, commonly called tropical night lizards. The genus Lepidophyma (Greek for "warty scales") is one of three genera of night lizards (family Xantusiidae), which are a group of viviparous (live-bearing) lizards. There are 20 species of tropical night lizards in the genus Lepidophyma, making it the most populous night lizard genus. Species of the genus Lepidophyma are distributed throughout Central America, found anywhere from central Mexico to Panama, depending on the particular species. Tropical night lizards, particularly the yellow-spotted species, are sometimes called Central American bark lizards by pet dealers and owners.


The following 21 species are recognized as being valid.[1]

Lepidophyma chicoasensis Álvarez & Valentín, 1988 – Sumidero tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma cuicateca Canseco-Márquez et al., 2008 – Sunidero tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma dontomasi (H.M. Smith, 1942) – MacDougall's tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum A.H.A. Duméril, 1851 – Yellow-spotted tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma gaigeae Mosauer, 1936 – Gaige's tropical night lizard[2]
Lepidophyma inagoi Palacios-Aguilar, Santos-Bibiano, & Flores-Villela, 2018
Lepidophyma lineri H.M. Smith, 1973 – Liner's tropical night lizard[2]
Lepidophyma lipetzi H.M. Smith & Álvarez del Toro, 1977– Lipetz's tropical night lizard[2]
Lepidophyma lowei Bezy & Camarillo, 1997 – Lowe's tropical night lizard[2]
Lepidophyma lusca Arenas-Moreno, Munoz-Nolasco, Bautista del Moral, Rodriguez-Miranda, Dominguez-Guerrero, & Mendez de la Cruz, 2021
Lepidophyma mayae Bezy, 1973 – Mayan tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma micropholis Walker, 1955 – cave tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma occulor H.M. Smith, 1942 – Jalpan tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma pajapanensis Werler, 1957 – Pajapan tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma radula (H.M. Smith, 1942) – Yautepec tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma reticulatum Taylor, 1955 – Costa Rican tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma smithii Bocourt, 1876 – (Andrew) Smith's tropical night lizard[2]
Lepidophyma sylvaticum Taylor, 1939 – Madrean tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma tarascae Bezy, Webb & Álvarez, 1982 – Tarascan tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma tuxtlae Werler & Shannon, 1957 – Tuxtla tropical night lizard
Lepidophyma zongolica García-Vázquez et al., 2010

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Lepidophyma.

Genus Lepidophyma at The Reptile Database

Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Lepidophyma gaigeae, p. 96; L. lineri, p. 159; L. lipetzi, p. 159; L. lowei, p. 161; L. smithii, p. 246).

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1885). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume II. ... Xantusiidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 497 pp. + Plates I-XXIV. (Genus Lepidophyma, p. 326).
Duméril AHA (1851). In: Duméril AMC, Duméril AHA (1851). Catalogue méthodique de la Collection des Reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Paris. Paris: Gide et Baudry/Roret. 224 pp. (Lepidophyma, new genus, p. 137). (in French).
Goin CJ, Goin OB, Zug GR (1978). Introduction to Herpetology, Third Edition. San Francisco: W.B. Freeman and Company. xi + 378 pp. ISBN 0-7167-0020-4. (Genus Lepidophyma, p. 287).

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