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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Scincomorpha
Superfamilia: Scincoidea

Familia: Scincidae
Subfamilia: Scincinae
Genus: Ophiomorus
Species (12): O. blanfordi – O. brevipes – O. chernovi – O. kardesi – O. latastii – O. maranjabensis – O. nuchalis – O. persicus – O. punctatissimusO. raithmai – O. streeti – O. tridactylus


Ophiomorus Duméril & Bibron, 1839: 799

Type species: Ophiomorus miliaris Duméril & Bibron, 1839, by monotypy.


Hemipodion Steindachner, 1867: 265
Type species: Hemipodion persicum Steindachner, 1867, by monotypy.
Zygnopsis Blanford, 1874: 33
Type species: Zygnopsis brevipes Blanford, 1874, by monotypy.

Primary references

Duméril, A.M.C. & Bibron, G. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Tome cinquième. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: Paris. VIII + 854 pp. BHL Reference page.
Steindachner, F. 1867. Herpetologische Notizen. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Classe 55(1): 265–273. BHL Reference page.
Blanford, W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new Reptilia and Amphibia from Persia and Baluchistán. Annals and Magazine of Natural History Series 4 14(79): 31–35. DOI: 10.1080/00222937408680916 BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Kazemi, S.M., Farhadi Qomi, M., Kami, H.G. & Anderson, S.C. 2011. A new species of Ophiomorus (Squamata: Scincidae) from Maranjab Desert, Isfahan Province, Iran, with a revised key to the genus. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5(1): 23–33. Reference page.
Kornilios, P., Kumlutaş, Y., Lymberakis, P. & Ilgaz, Ç. 2018. Cryptic diversity and molecular systematics of the Aegean Ophiomorus skinks (Reptilia: Squamata), with the description of a new species. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56(3): 364–381. DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12205 Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Ophiomorus . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 26 March 2021.

Ophiomorus is a genus of Old World skinks.[2] The limbs are either reduced or absent, depending on the species. They are sometimes known as limbless skinks or snake skinks. Members of the genus live under rocks or in burrows.[3]

The following 12 species are recognized:[2]

Ophiomorus blanfordii (Blanford, 1879) – Blanford's snake skink
Ophiomorus brevipes (Blanford, 1874) – short-legged snake skink
Ophiomorus chernovi S.C. Anderson & Leviton, 1966 – Chernov's snake skink
Ophiomorus kardesi Kornilios, Kumlutaş, Lymberakis & Ilgaz, 2018
Ophiomorus latastii Boulenger, 1887 – Latast's snake skink
Ophiomorus maranjabensis Kazemi, Farhadi Qomi, Kami & S.C. Anderson, 2011 – Maranjab's snake skink
Ophiomorus nuchalis Nilson & Andrén, 1978 – Nilson's snake skink, plateau snake skink
Ophiomorus persicus (Steindachner, 1867) – Persian snake skink
Ophiomorus punctatissimus (Bibron & Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1833) – Greek snake skink
Ophiomorus raithmai S.C. Anderson & Leviton, 1966 – eastern sand swimmer, the three-fingered sand-fish
Ophiomorus streeti S.C. Anderson & Leviton, 1966 – Street's snake skink
Ophiomorus tridactylus (Blyth, 1853) – three-toed snake skink, Indian sand-swimmer


"Ophiomorus ". Dahms Tierleben.
Genus Ophiomorus at The Reptile Database

Camaiti, Marco; Villa, Andrea; Wencker, Lukardis C. M.; Bauer, Aaron M.; Stanley, Edward L.; Delfino, Massimo (August 2019). "Descriptive osteology and patterns of limb loss of the European limbless skink Ophiomorus punctatissimus (Squamata, Scincidae)". Journal of Anatomy. 235 (2): 313–345. doi:10.1111/joa.13017. ISSN 0021-8782. PMC 6637703. PMID 31125128.

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1887). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume III. ... Scincidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 575 pp. + Plates I-XL. (Genus Ophiomorus, p. 393).
Duméril AMC, Bibron G (1839). Erpétologie générale ou Histoire naturelle complète des Reptiles, Tome cinquième [Volume 5]. Paris: Roret. viii + 854 pp. (Ophiomorus, new genus, p. 799). (in French).
Greer AE; Wilson GDF (2001). "Comments on the scincid lizard genus Ophiomorus, with a cladistic analysis of the species". Hamadryad 26: 261–271.
Kazemi SM, Farhadi Qomi M, Kami HG, Anderson SC (2011). "A new species of Ophiomorus (Squamata: Scincidae) from Maranjab Desert, Isfahan Province, Iran, with a revised key to the genus". Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 23-33 (e23). (Ophiomorus maranjabensis, new species).

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