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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata Episquamata

Subordo: Lacertoidea
Infraordo: Lacertibaenia

Familia: Lacertidae
Subfamilia: Lacertinae
Genus: Ophisops
Species (11): O. agarwali – O. beddomei – O. elbaensis – O. elegansO. jerdonii – O. kutchensis – O. leschenaultiiO. microlepis – O. nictans – O. occidentalis – O. pushkarensis


Ophisops Ménétries, 1832: 63

Type species: Ophisops elegans Ménétries, 1832, by monotypy.

Primary references

Ménétriés, E. 1832. Catalogue raisonné des objets de zoologie recueillis dans un voyage au Caucase et jusqu’aux frontières actuelles de la Perse entrepris par ordre de S. M. l’Empereur. St. Pétersbourg: L’Académie Impériale des Sciences. [2] + 271 + xxxii + iv + [1] pp. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Agarwal, I. & Ramakrishnan, U. 2017. A phylogeny of open-habitat lizards (Squamata: Lacertidae: Ophisops) supports the antiquity of Indian grassy biomes. Journal of Biogeography 44(9): 2021–2032. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12999 Paywall Reference page.
Agarwal, I., Khandekar, A., Ramakrishnan, U., Vyas, R. & Giri, V.B. 2018. Two new species of the Ophisops microlepis (Squamata: Lacertidae) complex from northwestern India with a key to Indian Ophisops. Journal of Natural History 52(13–16): 819–847. DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2018.1436203 Paywall Reference page.
Patel, H. & Vyas, R. 2020. Lost before being recognized? A new species of the genus Ophisops (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Gujarat, India. Ecologica Montenegrina 35: 31–44. DOI: 10.37828/em.2020.35.4 Open access Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Ophisops . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 3 April 2022.

Vernacular names
azərbaycanca: İlanbaş
български: Змиеоки гущери
English: Snake-eyed Lizards
ქართული: გველთავა
русский: Змееголовки

Ophisops is a genus of wall lizards of the family Lacertidae. They are small lacertids characterized by transparent lower eyelids that are completely or partially fused with the upper lids to form a cap over the eye. Species of the genus Ophisops are distributed in southeast Europe, northeast Africa, to west Asia.[2]

The following 11 species are recognized:[3]

Ophisops agarwali Patel & Vyas, 2020 - Agarwal’s snake-eye, Agarwal’s lacerta
Ophisops beddomei (Jerdon, 1870) - Beddome's snake-eye, Beddome’s lacerta
Ophisops elbaensis K.P. Schmidt & Marx, 1957 - Mount Elba snake-eyed lizard
Ophisops elegans Ménétries, 1832 - snake-eyed lizard
Ophisops jerdonii Blyth, 1853 - Jerdon's cabrita, Jerdon's snake-eye, Punjab snake-eyed lacerta
Ophisops kutchensis Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas, & Giri, 2018 - Kutch small-scaled snake-eye
Ophisops leschenaultii (Milne-Edwards, 1829) - Leschenault's snake-eye, Leschenault’s lacerta, Leschenault's cabrita
Ophisops microlepis Blanford, 1870 - small-scaled lacerta
Ophisops nictans Arnold, 1989 - lesser snake-eyed lacerta
Ophisops occidentalis Boulenger, 1887 - western snake-eyed lizard
Ophisops pushkarensis Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas, & Giri, 2018 - Pushkar small-scaled snake-eye

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Ophisops.

"Ophisops ". Dahms Tierleben
Minton SA Jr (1966). "A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan". Bull. American Mus. Nat. Hist. 134 (2): 29-184.

"Ophisops ". The Reptile Database.

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1887). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume III. Lacertidæ, ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 575 pp. + Plates I-XL. (Genus "Ophiops [sic]", p. 72).
Ménétries É (1832). Catalogue raisonné des objets de zoologie recueillis dans un voyage au Caucase et jusqu'aux frontières actuelles de la Perse. Saint Petersburg: Russian Academy of Sciences. 330 pp. (Ophisops, new genus, p. 63). (in French).

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