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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Elapoidea

Familia: Elapidae
Subfamilia: Hydrophiinae
Genus: Vermicella
Species (6): V. annulata – V. intermedia – V. multifasciata – V. parscauda – V. snelli – V. vermiformis

Vermicella Gray in Günther, 1858: 236

Type species: Calamaria annulata Gray in Grey, 1841, by monotypy.
Primary references

Günther, A.C.L.G. 1858. Catalogue of colubrine snakes in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History): London. xvi + 281 pp. BHL

Additional references

Keogh, J.S. & Smith, S.A. 1996. Taxonomy and natural history of the Australian bandy-bandy snakes (Elapidae: Vermicella) with a description of two new species. Journal of Zoology 240(4): 677–701. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1996.tb05315.x Reference page.
Derez, C.M., Arbuckle, K., Ruan, Z.-Q., Xie, B., Huang, Y., Dibben, L., Shi, Q., Vonk, F.J. & Fry, B.G. 2018. A new species of bandy-bandy (Vermicella: Serpentes: Elapidae) from the Weipa region, Cape York, Australia. Zootaxa 4446(1): 1–12. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4446.1.1 Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Vermicella . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 19 July 2018.

Vernacular names
English: Bandy-bandies

Vermicella is a genus of venomous snakes of the family Elapidae, commonly known as bandy-bandies or hoop snakes. The best known species is the bandy-bandy (V. annulata).


Six species are recognized as being valid.[1] In mid 2018 a new species of bandy-bandy was discovered in Australia, visually nearly identical to Vermicella annulata. The species named Vermicella parscauda is considerably more venomous, with a toxin that is comparable to that of the red-bellied black snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus).[citation needed]

Vermicella annulata (Gray, 1841) – bandy-bandy

One species of Vermicella is the Bandy-Bandy commonly found in Australia. This snake is highly venomous and relatively small sizing between 50 and 100 cm. Bandy-Bandy's use there banded black and white pattern to repel predators by moving rapidly causing a flicker visual allusion.

Vermicella intermedia Keogh & S.A. Smith, 1996 – intermediate bandy-bandy
Vermicella multifasciata (Longman, 1915) – northern bandy-bandy
Vermicella snelli Storr, 1968 – Pilbara bandy-bandy
Vermicella vermiformis Keogh & S.A. Smith, 1996 – Centralian bandy-bandy
Vermicella parscauda Derez et al., 2018 – Weipa bandy-bandy.[2]

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Vermicella.

Genus Vermicella at The Reptile Database.

pskhun (2018-07-16). "Species New to Science: [Herpetology • 2018] Vermicella parscauda • A New Species of Bandy-bandy (Vermicella: Serpentes: Elapidae) from the Weipa Region, Cape York, Australia". Species New to Science. Retrieved 2018-07-16.

Further reading

Gray JE (1858). In: Günther A (1858). Catalogue of the Colubrine Snakes in the Collection of the British Museum. London: Trustees of the British Museum. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xvi + 281 pp. (Vermicella, new genus, p. 236).


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