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Superregnum : Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Classis: Chondrichthyes
Subclassis: Elasmobranchii
Superordo: Selachimorpha
Ordo: Carcharhiniformes

Familia: Pentanchidae
Genus: Apristurus
Species (40): A. albisoma – A. ampliceps – A. aphyodes – A. australis – A. breviventralis – A. brunneus – A. bucephalus – A. canutus – A. exsanguis – A. fedorovi – A. garricki – A. gibbosus – A. herklotsi – A. indicus – A. internatus – A. investigatoris – A. japonicus – A. kampae – A. laurussonii – A. longicephalus – A. macrorhynchus – A. macrostomus – A. maderensis – A. manis – A. melanoasper – A. microps – A. micropterygeus – A. nakayai – A. nasutus – A. parvipinnis – A. pinguis – A. platyrhynchus – A. profundorum – A. riveri – A. saldanha – A. sibogae – A. sinensis – A. spongiceps – A. stenseni – A. yangi

Apristurus Garman, 1913: 96

Type species: Scylliorhinus indicus Brauer, 1906, by original designation.

Campagnoia Springer, 1979: 102 [synonymized by Compagno (1984: 257)]

Type species: Parmaturus (Campagnoia) manis Springer, 1979, by original designation.

Parapristurus Fowler, 1934: 237 [synonymized by Compagno (1984: 257)]

Type species: Catulus spongiceps Gilbert, 1905, by original designation.
Primary references

Garman, S. 1913. The Plagiostomia (sharks, skates, and rays). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 36: i–xiii + 1–515 BHL + 77 pls. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Nakaya, K. 2009. Retirement Memorial Publication of Prof. Kazuhiro Nakaya. Selected papers of Prof. K. Nakaya on functional morphology, taxonomy and evolution of the fishes, mainly of the cartilaginous fishes. Hakodate: Marine Biology and Biodiversity, Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido Univ.
White, W.T., Mana, R.R. & Naylor, G.J.P. 2017. Description of a new species of deepwater catshark Apristurus yangi n.sp (Carcharhiniformes: Pentanchidae) from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 4320(1): 25–40. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4320.1.2. Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Catshark

Apristurus is a genus of catsharks, the family Scyliorhinidae, commonly known as the ghost or demon catsharks.

The 39 currently recognized species in this genus are:[1][2][3]

Apristurus albisoma Nakaya & Séret, 1999 (white-bodied catshark)
Apristurus ampliceps Sasahara, Sato & Nakaya, 2008 (roughskin catshark)
Apristurus aphyodes Nakaya & Stehmann, 1998 (white ghost catshark)
Apristurus australis Sato Nakaya & Yorozu, 2008 (Pinocchio catshark)
Apristurus breviventralis Kawauchi, Weigmann & Nakaya, 2014 (shortbelly catshark) [4]
Apristurus brunneus C. H. Gilbert, 1892 (brown catshark)
Apristurus bucephalus W. T. White, Last & Pogonoski, 2008 (bighead catshark)
Apristurus canutus S. Springer & Heemstra, 1979 (hoary catshark)
Apristurus exsanguis Sato, Nakaya & A. L. Stewart, 1999 (flaccid catshark)
Apristurus fedorovi Dolganov, 1985 (Fedorov's catshark)
Apristurus garricki Sato, Stewart & Nakaya, 2013 (Garrick's catshark) [5]
Apristurus gibbosus Y. T. Chu, Q. W. Meng & S. Li, 1985 (humpback catshark)
Apristurus herklotsi Fowler, 1934 (longfin catshark)
Apristurus indicus A. B. Brauer, 1906 (smallbelly catshark)
Apristurus internatus S. M. Deng, G. Q. Xiong & H. X. Zhan, 1988 (shortnose demon catshark)
Apristurus investigatoris Misra, 1962 (broadnose catshark)
Apristurus japonicus Nakaya, 1975 (Japanese catshark)
Apristurus kampae L. R. Taylor, 1972 (longnose catshark)
Apristurus laurussonii Sæmundsson, 1922 (Iceland catshark)
Apristurus longicephalus Nakaya, 1975 (longhead catshark)
Apristurus macrorhynchus S. Tanaka (I), 1909 (flathead catshark)
Apristurus macrostomus Q. W. Meng, Y. T. Chu & S. Li, 1985 (broadmouth catshark)
Apristurus manis S. Springer, 1979 (ghost catshark)
Apristurus manocheriani Cordova & Ebert 2021, (Manocherian's Catshark)
Apristurus melanoasper Iglésias, Nakaya & Stehmann, 2004 (black roughscale catshark)
Apristurus microps Gilchrist, 1922 (smalleye catshark)
Apristurus micropterygeus Q. W. Meng, Y. T. Chu & S. Li, 1986 (smalldorsal catshark)
Apristurus nakayai Iglésias, 2013 (milk-eye catshark) [6]
Apristurus nasutus F. de Buen, 1959 (largenose catshark)
Apristurus parvipinnis S. Springer, 1979 & Heemstra, 1979 (smallfin catshark)
Apristurus pinguis S. M. Deng, G. Q. Xiong & H. X. Zhan, 1983 (bulldog catshark)
Apristurus platyrhynchus S. Tanaka (I), 1909 (spatulasnout catshark or Borneo catshark)
Apristurus profundorum Goode & T. H. Bean, 1896 (deepwater catshark)
Apristurus riveri Bigelow & Schroeder, 1944 (broadgill catshark)
Apristurus saldanha Barnard, 1925 (Saldanha catshark)
†Apristurus sereti ADNET, 2006[7]
Apristurus sibogae M. C. W. Weber, 1913 (pale catshark)
Apristurus sinensis Y. T. Chu & A. S. Hu, 1981 (South China catshark)
Apristurus spongiceps C. H. Gilbert, 1905 (spongehead catshark)
Apristurus stenseni S. Springer, 1979, 1979 (Panama ghost catshark)
Apristurus sp. X Not yet described (Galbraith's catshark)
Apristurus sp. 3 Not yet described (black wonder catshark)
Apristurus sp. nov. Not yet described (white-edged catshark)
Apristurus sp. Not yet described (gray ghost catshark)


Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). Species of Apristurus in FishBase. January 2017 version.
S Weigmann (10 February 2016). "Annotated checklist of the living sharks, batoids and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes) of the world, with a focus on biogeographical diversity". Journal of Fish Biology. 88 (3): 837–1037. doi:10.1111/JFB.12874. ISSN 0022-1112. PMID 26860638. Wikidata Q35918688.
JUSTIN A. CORDOVA; DAVID A. EBERT (7 July 2021). "Apristurus manocheriani (Carcharhiniformes: Pentanchidae), a new species of catshark from the Southwest Indian Ocean" (PDF). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation. 38. doi:10.5281/ZENODO.5081131. ISSN 1937-7835. Wikidata Q107529870.
Kawauchi, J.; Weigmann, S. & Nakaya, K. (2014). "Apristurus breviventralis, a new species of deep-water catshark (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from the Gulf of Aden" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3881 (1): 1–16. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3881.1.1.
Sato, K., Stewart, A.L. & Nakaya, K. (2013): Apristurus garricki sp. nov., a new deep-water catshark from the northern New Zealand waters (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Marine Biology Research, 9 (8): 758-767.
Iglésias, S.P. (2013): Apristurus nakayai sp. nov., a new species of deepwater catshark (Chondrichthyes: Pentanchidae) from New Caledonia. Cybium, 36 (4): 511-519.
"Extinct - valid species | Species | Shark-References". Retrieved 2019-04-29.

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