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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Elopomorpha
Ordo: Anguilliformes
Subordo: Congroidei
Familia: Congridae
Subfamiliae: Bathymyrinae ...

Overview of genera

Acromycter - Ariosoma - Bassanago - Bathycongrus - Bathymyrus - Bathyuroconger - Blachea - Castleichthys - Chiloconger - Conger - Congrhynchus - Congriscus - Diploconger - Gnathophis - Gorgasia - Heteroconger - Japonoconger - Kenyaconger - Leptocephalus - Lumiconger - Macrocephenchelys - Ophisoma - Parabathymyrus - Paraconger - Poeciloconger - Promyllantor - Pseudophichthys - Pseudoxenomystax - Rhechias - Rhynchoconger - Scalanago - Uroconger - Xenomystax - †Congridarum - †Maxwelliella

Vernacular names
English: Conger and garden eels
Español: Congrios
Italiano: Gronghi, gronchi
日本語: アナゴ科

Congridae is the family of conger and garden eels. Congers are valuable and often large food fishes, while garden eels live in colonies, all protruding from the sea floor after the manner of plants in a garden (thus the name).[1] The family includes over 180 species in 32 genera.

The European conger Conger conger is the largest of the family; it has been recorded at up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) in length and weighing 350 pounds (160 kg).[2]

Congrids are found in tropical, subtropical and temperate seas across the world. There are few clear distinguishing features among congrids, although they all lack scales, and most possess pectoral fins. They feed on crustaceans and small fish, and, unlike some other eels, do not migrate to breed.[3]


Family Congridae

* Subfamily Bathymyrinae
o Ariosoma (25 species)
o Bathymyrus (3 species)
o Chiloconger (2 species)
o Parabathymyrus (5 species)
o Paraconger (7 species)
* Subfamily Congrinae
o Acromycter (5 species)
o Bassanago (2 species)
o Bathycongrus (16 species)
o Bathyuroconger (1 species)
o Blachea (2 species)
o Conger (14 species)
o Congrhynchus (1 species)
o Congriscus (3 species)
o Diploconger (1 species)
o Gnathophis (27 species)
o Japonoconger (3 species)
o Kenyaconger (1 species)
o Leptocephalus (1 species)
o Lumiconger (1 species)
o Macrocephenchelys (2 species)
o Ophisoma (1 species)
o Poeciloconger (2 species)
o Promyllantor (3 species)
o Pseudophichthys (1 species)
o Pseudoxenomystax (2 species)
o Rhechias (1 species)
o Rhynchoconger (7 species)
o Scalanago (1 species)
o Uroconger (3 species)
o Xenomystax (5 species)
* Subfamily Heterocongrinae (Garden Eels)
o Gorgasia (14 species)
o Heteroconger (19 species)


1. ^ McCosker, John F. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N.. ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 88–89. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
2. ^ British Conger Club
3. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2008). "Congridae" in FishBase. December 2008 version.

Biology Encyclopedia

Fish Images

Source: Wikiedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License