- Art Gallery -


Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Ordo: Perciformes
Subordo: Labroidei
Familia: Embiotocidae
Genera: Amphistichus - Brachyistius - Cymatogaster - Ditrema - Embiotoca - Hyperprosopon - H ypsurus - Hysterocarpus - Micrometrus - Neoditrema - Phanerodon - Rhacochilus - Zalembius


* Froese, R., & D. Pauly (eds.) 2006: FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]
* Pondella II, D.J., B.E. Gintert, J.R. Cobb, & L.G. Allen 2005: Biogeography of the nearshore rocky-reef fishes at the southern and Baja California islands. Journal of Biogeography, 32: 187-201. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01180.x
* Tarp, F.H. 1952: A revision of the family Embiotocidae (the surfperches). Fish Bulletin, California Department of Fish and Game, 88: 1-99. PDF

Vernacular names
Česky: Příbojovkovití
Deutsch: Brandungsbarsche
Nederlands: Brandingbaarzen
Polski: Szumieniowate

The surfperches are a family, Embiotocidae, of perciform fishes. They are found in coastal waters of the northern Pacific and grow up to 45 cm (17.7 inches) long.

They are viviparous fishes, in which the embryo is nourished directly by the mother as well as the yolk. This gives the family its scientific name, from Greek embios meaning "persistent" and tokos meaning "birth".


There are 22 species in 13 genera:

* Genus Amphistichus
o Barred surfperch, Amphistichus argenteus (Gibbons, 1854).
o Calico surfperch, Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs, 1933).
o Redtail surfperch, Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz, 1854).
* Genus Brachyistius
o Brachyistius aletes (Tarp, 1952).
o Kelp perch, Brachyistius frenatus Gill, 1862.
* Genus Cymatogaster
o Shiner perch, Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons, 1854.
* Genus Ditrema
o Ditrema temminckii Bleeker, 1853.
o Ditrema viride Oshima, 1955.
* Genus Embiotoca
o Black perch, Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz, 1853.
Black surfperch (Embiotoca jacksoni) at the New England Aquarium.
o Striped seaperch, Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz, 1854.
* Genus Hyperprosopon
o Spotfin surfperch, Hyperprosopon anale Agassiz, 1861.
o Walleye surfperch, Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons, 1854.
o Silver surfperch, Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons, 1854).
* Genus Hypsurus
o Rainbow seaperch, Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853).
* Genus Hysterocarpus
o Tule perch, Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons, 1854.
* Genus Micrometrus
o Reef perch, Micrometrus aurora (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).
o Dwarf perch, Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons, 1854).
* Genus Neoditrema
o Neoditrema ransonnetii Steindachner, 1883.
* Genus Phanerodon
o Sharpnose seaperch, Phanerodon atripes (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).
o White seaperch, Phanerodon furcatus Girard, 1854.
* Genus Rhacochilus
o Rubberlip seaperch, Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz, 1854.
o Pile perch, Rhacochilus vacca (Girard, 1855).
* Genus Zalembius
o Pink seaperch, Zalembius rosaceus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).


* Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Embiotocidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.

Biology Encyclopedia

Fish Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License