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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Elopomorpha
Ordo: Anguilliformes
Subordo: Congroidei
Familia: Muraenesocidae
Genera: Congresox - Cynoponticus - Gavialiceps - Muraenesox - Oxyconger


* Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2006. FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]

Vernacular names
日本語: ハモ科

The Muraenesocidae, or pike congers, are a small family of marine eels found worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas.[1] Some species are known to enter brackish water.

Pike congers have a cylindrical body, scaleless skin, a narrow head with large eyes, and strong teeth. The dorsal fin starts above the well-developed pectoral fins. These rather aggressive fish range from 60 centimetres (2.0 ft) to 250 centimetres (8.2 ft) in length.


There are thirteen known species in five genera:[2]

Family Muraenesocidae

* Genus Congresox
o Congresox talabon (Yellow pike conger)
o Congresox talabonoides (Indian pike conger)
* Genus Cynoponticus
o Cynoponticus coniceps (Red pike-conger)
o Cynoponticus ferox (Guinea pike conger)
o Cynoponticus savanna (Guayana pike-conger)
* Genus Gavialiceps
o Gavialiceps arabicus
o Gavialiceps bertelseni
o Gavialiceps javanicus (Duckbill conger)
o Gavialiceps taeniola
o Gavialiceps taiwanensis
* Genus Muraenesox
o Muraenesox bagio (Common pike conger)
o Muraenesox cinereus (Daggertooth pike conger)
* Genus Oxyconger
o Oxyconger leptognathus (Short-tail pike conger)


1. ^ McCosker, John F. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N.. ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 89. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2009). "Muraenesocidae" in FishBase. January 2009 version.

* A Dictionary of Zoology 1999, originally published by Oxford University Press 1999.

Biology Encyclopedia

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License