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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Eupercaria
Ordo: Pempheriformes

Familia: Polyprionidae
Genera: Polyprion - Stereolepis

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2006. FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]

Vernacular names
English: Wreckfish

The wreckfish are a family, Polyprionidae in the suborder Percoidei of the order Perciformes.[2]

They are deep-water marine fish and can be found on the ocean bottom, where they inhabit caves and shipwrecks (thus their common name).[3] Their scientific name is from Greek poly meaning "many" and prion meaning "saw", a reference to their prominent spiny fins.[4]

Atlantic wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) are a long-lived commercial species in the Mediterranean, the south-eastern Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean.[5]

There are four species in two genera:[6]

Genus Polyprion Oken, 1817
Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster, 1801)
Genus Stereolepis Ayres, 1859
Stereolepis gigas Ayres, 1859
Stereolepis doederleini Lindberg & Krasyukova, 1969


Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230.
J. S. Nelson; T. C. Grande; M. V. H. Wilson (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Wiley. pp. 430–467. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.
"Wreckfish". British Sea Fishing. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2019). "Polyprion americanus" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
Sedberry, George R.; et al. (1999). "Wreckfish Polyprion americanus in the North Atlantic: fisheries, biology, and management of a widely distributed and long-lived fish" (PDF). American Fisheries Society Symposium. 23: 27–50. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Polyprionidae" in FishBase. December 2019 version.

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