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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Berycimorphaceae
Ordo: Trachichthyiformes
Subordo: Trachichthyoidei
Familia: Anomalopidae
Genus: Protoblepharon
Species (2): P. mccoskeri – P. rosenblatti

Protoblepharon Baldwin, Johnson & Paxton, 1997

Type species: Protoblepharon rosenblatti Baldwin, Johnson & Paxton, 1997

Etymology: From the Greek protos (= first), and blepharon (= eyelid), in reference to the cladistic position of the genus as first in the lineage of flashlight fishes that occlude the light organ with an erectable shutter.
Vernacular names
English: Flashlight Fishes

Baldwin, C. C., Johnson, G. D. & Paxton, J. R.; 1997: Protoblepharon rosenblatti, a new genus and species of flashlight fish (Beryciformes: Anomalopidae) from the tropical South Pacific, with comments on anomalopid phylogeny. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 110 (3): 373–383. BHL
Ho, H.-C.; Johnson, G.D. 2012: Protoblepharon mccoskeri, a new flashlight fish from eastern Taiwan (Teleostei: Anomalopidae). Zootaxa 3479: 77–87. Preview PDF Reference page.
Protoblepharon and its species (including synonyms) in Catalog of Fishes, Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & van der Laan, R. (eds.) 2022. Catalog of Fishes electronic version.

Protoblepharon is a genus of flashlight fishes known from the Pacific Ocean from around the Cook Islands (P. rosenblatti) and off of eastern Taiwan (P. mccoskeri).

There are currently two recognized species in this genus:[1][2]

Protoblepharon mccoskeri H. C. Ho & G. D. Johnson, 2012 (Taiwanese flashlightfish)[2]
Protoblepharon rosenblatti C. C. Baldwin, G. D. Johnson & Paxton, 1997 (Cook Islands flashlightfish)


Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). Species of Protoblepharon in FishBase. October 2012 version.
Ho, H.-C. & Johnson, D. (2012): Protoblepharon mccoskeri, a new flashlight fish from eastern Taiwan (Teleostei: Anomalopidae). Zootaxa, 3479: 77–87.

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