Fine Art

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Otomorpha
Subcohors: Ostariophysi
Sectio: Otophysa
Ordo: Siluriformes

Familia: Sisoridae
Subfamilia: Sisorinae
Genus: Sisor
Species: S. chennuah – S. pakistanicus – S. rabdophorus – S. rheophilus – S. torosus

Sisor Hamilton, 1822

Hamilton, F. Buchanan, 1822: An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches.: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.

Sisor is a genus of catfishes native to Asia.


Sisor was previously monotypic, containing only S. rabdophorus, prior to a review of the genus in 2003 in which the three species S. chennuah, S. rheophilus, and S. torosus were described.[1] S. barakensis was described in 2005.[2]

S. rabdophorus is sometimes spelled S. rhabdophorus; this is meant to correct the misspelling of the Greek word rhabdos meaning rod. However, this is not a valid emendation.[1]

There are currently six recognized species in this genus:[3][4]

Sisor barakensis Vishwanath & Darshan, 2005
Sisor chennuah Ng & Lahkar, 2003
Sisor pakistanicus Javed & Mirza, 2011[4]
Sisor rabdophorus Hamilton, 1822
Sisor rheophilus Ng, 2003
Sisor torosus Ng, 2003

Distribution and habitat

Sisor species are distributed in the Ganges and Brahmaputra drainages in India. S. barakensis originates from the Barak River of the Brahmaputra drainage in India.[2] S. chennuah inhabits the Brahmaputra drainage in Assam State, India. S. rabdophorus originates from the Ganges drainage, West Bengal States, India. S. rheophilus originates from the Ganges drainage, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh States, India. S. torosus lives in the Ganges drainage, Bihar and Delhi States, India.[1] The identities of Sisor specimens from the Indus River, Rohini River at Madhopur, and Nepal have not yet been confirmed.[1]

S. rheophilus has been found in fast-moving rivers with sandy bottoms.[1] S. rabdophorus also inhabits streams with sandy bottoms and strong currents.[5]

Sisor is distinguished from all other erethistids and sisorids by the presence of a series of bony plates extending from the dorsal fin to the base of the caudal fin and a spine in adipose fin. Also, the uppermost caudal-fin ray is more than half length of body, the branchiostegal membranes are broadly fused to isthmus, the outer and inner mental barbels are widely separated with the origin of outer barbels anterior to origin of inner barbels, the lower jaw teeth are minute, dentition essentially consisting of roughened plate, large serrations on the anterior margin of the pectoral spine (also serrated posteriorly), a well-developed maxillary barbel membrane, and palatal teeth absent.[2] The head is moderately narrow and strongly depressed. The body is extremely narrow and strongly depressed. The eyes are small, dorsolaterally located, and under the skin (subcutaneous). The maxillary barbels do not extending beyond the head. The dorsal fin spine is serrate anteriorly and smooth posteriorly.[2]

S. chennua, S. rheophilus, and S. torosus grow to about 9.5–11.6 centimetres (3.7–4.6 inches) SL.[6][7][8] S. rabdophorus attains a length of about 18.0 cm (7.1 in) SL.[5]

Ng, Heok Hee (10 December 2003). "A revision of the south Asian sisorid catfish genus Sisor (Teleostei: Siluriformes)". Journal of Natural History. 37 (23): 2871–2883. doi:10.1080/00222930210158780.
Thomson, Alfred W.; Page, Lawrence M. (2006). "Genera of the Asian Catfish Families Sisoridae and Erethistidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1345: 1–96.
Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). Species of Sisor in FishBase. April 2013 version.
Javed, M.N. & Mirza, M.R. (2011): Sisor pakistanicus (Teleostei, Sisoridae), a new catfish from the river Chenab, Pakistan. Biologia (Pakistan), 57 (1&2): 15-21.
Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2007). "Sisor rabdophorus" in FishBase. July 2007 version.
Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2007). "Sisor chennuah" in FishBase. July 2007 version.
Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2007). "Sisor rheophilus" in FishBase. July 2007 version.
Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2007). "Sisor torosus" in FishBase. July 2007 version.

Fish Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World