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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Eupercaria
Ordo: Lophiiformes
Subordo: Ogcocephalioidei
Superfamilia: Ceratioidea

Familia: Oneirodidae
Genus: Spiniphryne
Species: S. duhameli – S. gladisfenae

Spiniphryne Bertelsen, 1951

Pietsch, T.W. & Baldwin, Z.H. A Revision of the Deep-Sea Anglerfish Genus Spiniphryne Bertelsen (Lophiiformes: Ceratioidei: Oneirodidae), with Description of a New Species from the Central and Eastern North Pacific Ocean. Copeia Volume 2006(3) pp. 404–411.[1]

Spiniphryne, also called spiny dreamers, is a genus of dreamers. Like other deep-sea anglerfish, Spiniphryne lure prey to them by means of a modified first dorsal fin ray with a bioluminescent bulb at the tip. Spiniphryne is unique amongst the oneirodids for being covered in tiny spines.[1]


There are currently two recognized species in this genus:[2]

Spiniphryne duhameli Pietsch & Z. H. Baldwin, 2006
Spiniphryne gladisfenae (Beebe, 1932) (Prickly dreamer)


The type species, S. gladisfenae, was originally described by William Beebe in 1932 under the oneirodid genus Dolopichthys. Six months later that year, Regan and Trewavas revised the species into a new genus, Centrophryne, along with the newly described species Centrophryne spinulosa. In 1951, Bertelsen moved C. spinulosa into its own family, Centrophrynidae, but retained "Centrophryne gladisfenae" in the Oneirodidae under a new genus, Spiniphryne. This classification was later upheld by Bertelsen and Pietsch in 1975, who determined that the resemblance between Spiniphryne and Centrophryne is superficial.[1]
Distribution and habitat

The type specimen of S. gladisfenae was collected off Bermuda. S. gladisfenae has been collected from the eastern and western north Atlantic Ocean, the western Indian Ocean, and the western Pacific Ocean ranging from Taiwan to New Zealand. S. duhameli has only been collected from the central and eastern north Pacific Ocean, at a maximum depth of 2500 meters.[1]

Metamorphosed female Spiniphryne have elongate and slender bodies rather than globulose. The body is entirely black except for the appendages at the tip of the esca, which are dark red to bright orange due to blood. The subdermal coloration consists of large, subdermal melanophores most densely grouped along the back. The fin bases and caudal peduncle are unpigmented. The mouth is moderately large, filled with slender, recurved teeth of large and small sizes. The first two or three teeth of the premaxilla are immobile, while the rest can be depressed. They have well-developed sphenotic spines (above the eyes) and a symphysial spine (at the tip of the jaw where the two halves meet). The illicium ("fishing rod") is relatively short. Spiniphryne is distinguished from all other oneirodids by tiny, close-set dermal spinules that entirely cover the body and fins. Males and larvae have yet to be encountered.[1]

The two species of Spiniphryne are distinguished from each other by details of the esca ("lure").[1]

Pietsch, T. W. & Baldwin, Z. H. (April 4, 2006). Buth, D. (ed.). "A Revision of the Deep-Sea Anglerfish Genus Spiniphryne Bertelsen (Lophiiformes: Ceratioidei: Oneirodidae), with Description of a New Species from the Central and Eastern North Pacific Ocean" (PDF). Copeia. 2006 (3): 404–411. doi:10.1643/0045-8511(2006)2006[404:AROTDA]2.0.CO;2. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). Species of Spiniphryne in FishBase. April 2012 version.

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