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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Eupercaria
Ordo: Perciformes
Subordo: Percoidei
Superfamilia: Percoidea

Familia: Sciaenidae
Genus: Stellifer
Species: †S. abbreviatus – †S. acerbus – †S. bicornutus – S. brasiliensis – S. chaoi – S. chrysoleuca – S. colonensis – †S. depressifrons – S. ephelis – S. ericymba – S. fuerthii – S. griseus – S. illecebrosus – S. lanceolatus – S. magoi – S. mancorensis – S. melanocheir – S. microps – S. minor – S. naso – †S. onzole – S. oscitans – S. pizarroensis – S. rastrifer – S. stellifer – S. venezuelae – S. walkeri – S. wintersteenorum – S. zestocarus

Stellifer Oken, 1817

Santos, S., Gomes, M. d. F., Soares Ferreira, A. R., Sampaio, I. & Schneider, H.; 2012: Molecular phylogeny of the western South Atlantic Sciaenidae based on mitochondrial and nuclear data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Available online 4 October 2012, In Press, Accepted Manuscript, abstract
Stellifer – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Stellifer species list in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2022. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,, version 08/2021.

Vernacular names

Stellifer is a genus of fish in the family Sciaenidae, the drums and croakers. It is found in New World waters.[1] Many species are known commonly as stardrums.

In the Americas, this is one of the most diverse genera among the sciaenids. Its members can be found in the tropics and subtropics and in shallow and deeper waters. Some are semianadromous, spawning in the ocean near estuaries so the eggs and young will be taken into lower-salinity environments on the tides.[2]

The genus belongs to the subfamily Stelliferinae, whose members have double-chambered swim bladders (the smaller front chamber is "yoke-shaped" and the main chamber is "carrot-shaped") and two pairs of large otoliths.

These fish are very common in their range, and there are usually at least two species occurring together. Stellifer rastrifer is one of the most abundant sciaenids in the seas along the coast of Brazil.[2]

These fish are carnivorous, with diet assessments of a few different species finding mysids such as Mysidopsis coelhoi, copepods such as Acartia lilljeborgii and Pseudodiaptomus acutus, sergestoid prawns such as Peisos petrunkevitchi, amphipods, chaetognaths, isopods, cumaceans, ostracods, ascidian tunicates, nematodes, polychaetes, fish, and bivalves, or at least their siphons.[3] S. rastrifer is known to cannibalize juveniles of its own species.[4]

Several species are common bycatch in the seabob shrimp industry.[2]

Species include:[5][6][7]

Stellifer brasiliensis
Stellifer chaoi
Stellifer chrysoleuca - shortnose stardrum, corvinilla chata
Stellifer colonensis
Stellifer ephelis
Stellifer ericymba - hollow stardrum, corvinilla hueca
Stellifer fuerthii - white stardrum
Stellifer griseus - gray stardrum
Stellifer illecebrosus - silver stardrum, mojararilla, corvinilla plateada
Stellifer lanceolatus - American stardrum, corvinilla lanza
Stellifer magoi
Stellifer mancorensis - smooth stardrum
Stellifer melanocheir - black stardrum
Stellifer microps - smalleye stardrum
Stellifer minor - minor stardrum
Stellifer naso - burrito[8]
Stellifer oscitans - yawning stardrum
Stellifer pizarroensis - Pizarro stardrum
Stellifer rastrifer - rake stardrum
Stellifer stellifer - little croaker
Stellifer venezuelae
Stellifer walkeri[1] - professor stardrum, corvinilla del profesor
Stellifer wintersteenorum[1] - amigo stardrum, corvinilla amigable
Stellifer zestocarus - softhead stardrum


Chao, N. L. (2001). Two new species of Stellifer from inshore waters of the eastern Pacific, with a redescription of S. ephelis (Perciformes: Sciaenidae). Rev. Biol. Trop. 49 Supl. 1 67-80.
Pombo, M., et al. (2012). Population biology of Stellifer rastrifer, S. brasiliensis and S. stellifer in Caraguatatuba Bay, northern coast of São Paulo, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography 60(3) 271-82.
Pombo, M., et al. (2013). Seasonality, dietary overlap and the role of taxonomic resolution in the study of the diet of three congeneric fishes from a tropical bay. PLoS ONE 8(2) e56107.
Camargo, M. and V. Isaac. (2004). Food categories reconstruction and feeding consumption estimates for the sciaenid Macrodon ancylodon (Bloch & Schneider), and the congeneric fishes Stellifer rastrifer (Jordan) and Stellifer naso (Jordan) (Pisces, Perciformes) in the Caeté Estuary, northern coast of Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21(1) 85-89.
Bailly, N. (2013). Stellifer Oken, 1817. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly Eds. FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. Accessed 6 June 2013.
Stellifer Oken, 1817. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Froese, R. and D. Pauly, Eds. Stellifer: List of species. FishBase. 2011.
Common names of Stellifer naso. FishBase.

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