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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Elopocephalai
Supercohors: Elopocephala
Cohors/Superordo: Elopomorpha
Ordo: Anguilliformes
Subordo: Synaphobranchoidei

Familia: Synaphobranchidae
Subfamiliae: Ilyophinae - Simenchelyinae - Synaphobranchinae

Genera: Atractodenchelys - Diastobranchus - Dysomma - Dysommina - Haptenchelys - Histiobranchus - Ilyophis - Linkenchelys - Meadia - Simenchelys - Synaphobranchus - Thermobiotes


Synaphobranchidae Johnson, 1862


Chen, Y.-Y. & H.-K. Mok, 2001: A new Synaphobranchid eel, Dysomma longirostrum (Anguilliformes: Synaphobranchidae), from the northeastern coast of Taiwan. Zoological Studies 40 (2): 79–83. Full article: [1].
Johnson, J. Y.; 1862: Descriptions of some new genera and species of fishes obtained at Madeira. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (2): 167–180, Pls. 22-23. Reference page.


Synaphobranchidae and its species in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2022. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,, version 08/2021.
Genera of Synaphobranchidae (including synonyms) in Catalog of Fishes, Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & van der Laan, R. (eds.) 2022. Catalog of Fishes electronic version.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Grubenaale
English: Cutthroat eel
日本語: ホラアナゴ科
中文: 通鰓鰻科

Cutthroat eels are a family, Synaphobranchidae, of eels, the only members of the suborder Synaphobranchoidei. They are found worldwide in temperate and tropical seas.[2][3]

Cutthroat eels range from 23 to 160 cm (9.1 to 63.0 in) in length. They are bottom-dwelling fish, found in deep waters down to about 3,700 m (12,100 ft).[4] They are distinguished by the presence of telescopic eyes in the larvae. In some classifications (for example, ITIS), this family is split, with Simenchelys in its own family, the Simenchelyidae.

Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Synaphobranchidae" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
"eel | fish". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
"Marine Species Identification Portal : Cutthroat eels - Family Synaphobranchidae". Retrieved 2017-05-15.
McCosker, John F. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 90. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.

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