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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Eupercaria
Ordo: Centrarchiformes
Subordo: Terapontoidei

Familia: Terapontidae
Genus: Terapon
Species: T. jarbua – T. puta – T. theraps

Terapon Cuvier, 1816: 295

Type species: Holocentrus servus Bloch, 1790. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker, 1876: 267.


Autisthes De Vis, 1884: 398
Djabub (subgenus of Sciaena) Forsskål, 1775: 44
Papuservus Whitley, 1943: 182
Pterapon Gray, 1835: Pl. 88


Cuvier G.L. 1816–1817. Le Règne Animal distribué d'après son organisation pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Avec Figures, dessinées d'après nature. Tome II. Contenant Les reptiles, les poissons, les mollusques et les annélides. Edition 1, Deterville, Paris. pp. i–xviii + 1–532. [Pls. 9–10, in v. 4] DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.41460 BHL Reference page. [original description: p. 295]
Terapon – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Terapon species list in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2022. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,, version 08/2021.

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Doringvisse
English: Tigerfishes
日本語: コトヒキ属
ไทย: ปลาข้างตะเภา, ปลาครืดคราด, ปลามโหรี, ปลามงกุฎ

Terapon, also known as the grunters or trumpeters is a genus of ray-finned fish in the family Terapontidae, the grunters.[2]

Its deprecated junior homonym is Therapon. It was introduced since "Terapon" was perceived as an incorrect rendering of the Greek word therapon.[3] In fact, the intended etymology was Greek: teras = "strange thing, monster, wonder" (cf. teratosaurus) + Greek: pontios = "marine", pertaining to the sea.[2]

There are three species in the genus Terapon:[2]

Terapon jarbua Fabricius, 1775 (Jarbua terapon)
Terapon puta Cuvier, 1829 (Small-scaled terapon)
Terapon theraps Cuvier, 1829 (Largescaled terapon)


Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Terapon". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Terapontidae" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
Eschmeyer, W. N. Catalog of the Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. 1990.

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