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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Pelagiaria
Ordo: Scombriformes

Familia: Trichiuridae
Genera: Aphanopus - Assurger - Benthodesmus - Demissolinea - Eupleurogrammus - Evoxymetopon - Lepidopus - Lepturacanthus - Tentoriceps - Trichiurus

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2006. FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]

Vernacular names
čeština: Tkaničnicovití
Deutsch: Haarschwänze
English: Cutlassfish
日本語: タチウオ科

The cutlassfishes are about 45 species of predatory fish in the family Trichiuridae of the order Scombriformes found in seas throughout the world. Fish of this family are long, slender, and generally steely blue or silver in colour, giving rise to their name. They have reduced or absent pelvic and caudal fins, giving them an eel-like appearance, and large fang-like teeth.[1]

Some of the species are known as scabbardfishes or hairtails; others are called frostfishes because they appear in late autumn and early winter, around the time of the first frosts.


This list of species follows FishBase:[2]

Subfamily Aphanopidinae Gill, 1863
Genus Aphanopus
Aphanopus arigato Parin, 1994
Aphanopus beckeri Parin, 1994
Aphanopus capricornis Parin, 1994
Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839 (Black scabbardfish)
Aphanopus intermedius Parin, 1983 (Intermediate scabbardfish)
Aphanopus microphthalmus Norman, 1939 (Smalleye scabbardfish)
Aphanopus mikhailini Parin, 1983 (Mikhailin's scabbardfish)
Genus Benthodesmus Goode & Bean, 1882
Benthodesmus elongatus, Clarke, 1879 (Elongate frostfish)
Benthodesmus macrophthalmus, Parin & Becker, 1970 (Bigeye frostfish)
Benthodesmus neglectus, Parin, 1976 (Neglected frostfish)
Benthodesmus oligoradiatus, Parin & Becker, 1970 (Sparse-rayed frostfish)
Benthodesmus pacificus, Parin & Becker, 1970 (North Pacific frostfish)
Benthodesmus papua, Parin, 1978 (Papuan frostfish)
Benthodesmus simonyi, Steindachner, 1891 (Simony's frostfish)
Benthodesmus suluensis, Parin, 1976 (Philippine frostfish)
Benthodesmus tenuis, Günther, 1877 (Slender frostfish)
Benthodesmus tuckeri, Parin & Becker, 1970 (Tucker's frostfish)
Benthodesmus vityazi, Parin & Becker, 1970 (Vityaz' frostfish)
Subfamily Lepidopodinae, Gill, 1863
Genus Assurger
Assurger anzac Alexander, 1917 (Razorback scabbardfish)
Genus Eupleurogrammus
Eupleurogrammus glossodon, (Bleeker, 1860) (Longtooth hairtail)
Eupleurogrammus muticus, (Gray, 1831) (Smallhead hairtail)
Genus Evoxymetopon
Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki, 2006[3]
Evoxymetopon moricheni Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani, 2014[4]
Evoxymetopon poeyi Günther, 1887 (Poey's scabbardfish)
Evoxymetopon taeniatus Gill, 1863 (Channel scabbardfish)
Genus Lepidopus
Lepidopus altifrons, Parin & Collette, 1993 (Crested scabbardfish)
Lepidopus calcar, Parin & Mikhailin, 1982 (Hawaiian ridge scabbardfish)
Lepidopus caudatus, (Euphrasen, 1788) (Silver scabbardfish)
Lepidopus dubius, Parin & Mikhailin, 1981 (Doubtful scabbardfish)
Lepidopus fitchi , Rosenblatt & Wilson, 1987 (Fitch's scabbardfish)
Lepidopus manis, Rosenblatt & Wilson, 1987 (Ghost scabbardfish)
Subfamily Trichiurinae Rafinesque, 1810
Genus Demissolinea
Demissolinea novaeguineensis, Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki, 2003 (New Guinean hairtail)
Genus Lepturacanthus
Lepturacanthus pantului, (Gupta, 1966) (Coromandel hairtail)
Lepturacanthus roelandti (Bleeker, 1860)
Lepturacanthus savala, (Cuvier, 1829) (Savalani hairtail)
Genus Tentoriceps
Tentoriceps cristatus, (Klunzinger, 1884) (Crested hairtail)
Genus Trichiurus
Trichiurus auriga, Klunzinger, 1884 (Pearly hairtail)
Trichiurus australis Chakraborty, Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki, 2005[5]
Trichiurus brevis, Wang & You, 1992 (Chinese short-tailed hairtail)
Trichiurus gangeticus, Gupta, 1966 (Ganges hairtail)
Trichiurus lepturus, Linnaeus, 1758 (Largehead hairtail)
Trichiurus margarites, Li, 1992
Trichiurus nanhaiensis, Wang & Xu, 1992
Trichiurus nickolensis, Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki, 2003 (Australian short-tailed hairtail)
Trichiurus russelli, Dutt & Thankam, 1966 (Short-tailed hairtail)


Johnson, G.D.; Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Trichiuridae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki (2006). "A new species of scabbardfish, Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus (Scombroidei: Trichiuridae), from Okinawa, Japan". Ichthyological Research. 53 (2): 137ff. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0319-x.
Fricke, R., Golani, D. & Appelbaum-Golani, B. (2014): Evoxymetopon moricheni, a new cutlassfish from the northern Red Sea (Teleostei: Trichiuridae). Ichthyological Research 61 (3): 293-297.

Anirban Chakraborty; Andi Iqbal Burhanuddin; Yukio Iwatsuki (2005). "A new species, Trichiurus australis (Scombriformes: Trichiuridae), from Australia". Ichthyological Research. 52 (2): 165–170. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0268-4.

Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2011-05-19.

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