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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Caesalpinia
Species: C. acapulcensis – C. acinaciformis – C. acutifolia – C. anacantha – C. ancashiana – C. andamanica – C. angolensis – C. angulata – C. aphylla – C. argentina – C. bahamensis – C. barahonensis – C. barbon – C. barkeriana – C. benthamiana – C. bessac – C. bonduc – C. bracteosa – C. buchii – C. cacalaco – C. caesia – C. caladenia – C. calycina – C. cassioides – C. caudata – C. caymanensis – C. ciliata – C. coccinea – C. colimensis – C. coluteifolia – C. coriaria – C. coulterioides – C. crista – C. cucullata – C. culebrae – C. dauensis – C. decapetala – C. delphinensis – C. digyna – C. domingensis – C. ebano – C. echinata – C. elata – C. elliptifolia – C. enneaphylla – C. epifanioi – C. erianthera – C. eriostachys – C. exilifolia – C. exostemma – C. ferrea – C. fimbriata – C. furfuracea – C. gardneriana – C. gaumeri – C. gilliesii – C. glandulosa – C. glandulosopedicellata – C. glaucophylla – C. globulorum – C. godefroyana – C. granadillo – C. hildebrandtii – C. hintonii – C. hispida – C. homblei – C. hughesii – C. hymenocarpa – C. insolita – C. intermedia – C. jayabo – C. kauaiensis – C. latisiliqua – C. laxa – C. laxiflora – C. leiostachya – C. lucida – C. macvaughii – C. madagascariensis – C. magnifoliolata – C. marginata – C. melanadenia – C. merxmuelleriana – C. mexicana – C. microphylla – C. millettii – C. mimosifolia – C. mimosoides – C. minax – C. mindorensis – C. modesta – C. mollis – C. monensis – C. mucronata – C. murifructa – C. myabensis – C. nelsonii – C. nhatrangensis – C. nicaraguensis – C. nipensis – C. oligophylla – C. oppositifolia – C. ortegae – C. paipai – C. palmeri – C. pannosa – C. paraguariensis – C. parviflora – C. pauciflora – C. pearsoni – C. pellucida – C. phyllanthoides – C. pilosa – C. pinnata – C. placida – C. platyloba – C. pluviosa – C. porcina – C. portoricensis – C. pringlei – C. pubescens – C. pulcherrima – C. pumila – C. pumilio – C. punctata – C. pyramidalis – C. rhombifolia – C. robinsoniana – C. robusta – C. rosei – C. rostrata – C. rubicunda – C. rubra – C. sappan – C. sclerocarpa – C. scortechinii – C. secundiflora – C. sessilifolia – C. sinensis – C. sphaerosperma – C. spinosa – C. standleyi – C. stipularis – C. stuckertii – C. subtropica – C. sumatrana – C. tortuosa – C. trichocarpa – C. trothae – C. urophylla – C. velutina – C. vernalis – C. vesicaria – C. violacea – C. volkensii – C. welwitschiana – C. wrightiana – C. yucatanensis – C. yunnanensis
Source(s) of checklist:
Roskov Y., Zarucchi J., Novoselova M. & Bisby F. (†) (eds). (2019). ILDIS World Database of Legumes (version 12, May 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2019 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Ower G., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2019. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.
Name

Caesalpinia L. (1753)

Type species: Caesalpinia brasiliensis L.

Synonyms

Brasilettia (DC.) Kuntze
Denisophytum R. Vig.
Guilandina L.
Libidibia (DC.) Schltdl.
Nicarago Britton & Rose
Poinciana L.
Poincianella Britton & Rose
Reichardia Roth

References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 380. Reference page.

Additional references

Gagnon, E., Lewis, G.P., Sotuyo, J.S., Hughes, C.E. & Bruneau, A. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Caesalpinia sensu lato: Increased sampling reveals new insights and more genera than expected. South African Journal of Botany 89: 111–127. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2013.07.027 Open access. Reference page.
Gagnon, E., Bruneau, A., Hughes, C.E., de Queiroz, L.P. & Lewis, G.P. 2016. A new generic system for the pantropical Caesalpinia group (Leguminosae). PhytoKeys 71: 1–160. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.71.9203 Full text HTML Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Caesalpinia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 November 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Caesalpinia. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 19 2016.
Tropicos.org 2016. Caesalpinia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 19 Oct. 2016.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Caesalpinien
suomi: Kesalpiniat
lietuvių: Cezalpinija
polski: Brezylka
русский: Цезальпиния
svenska: Bresiljesläktet
తెలుగు: గచ్చ

Caesalpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. Historically, membership within the genus has been highly variable, with different publications including anywhere from 70 to 165 species, depending largely on the inclusion or exclusion of species alternately listed under genera such as Hoffmannseggia. It contains tropical or subtropical woody plants. The generic name honours the botanist, physician, and philosopher Andrea Cesalpino (1519–1603).[5]

The name Caesalpinaceae at family level, or Caesalpinioideae at the level of subfamily, is based on this generic name.

Species

Caesalpinia acapulcensis Standl.
Caesalpinia anacantha Urb.
Caesalpinia bahamensis Lam.
Caesalpinia barahonensis Urb.
Caesalpinia brasiliensis L.
Caesalpinia cassioides Willd. 1809
Caesalpinia erianthera Chiov.
Caesalpinia monensis Britton—Black nicker
Caesalpinia nipensis Urb.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L. 1753) Sw. 1791—Pride of Barbados, Yellow Peacock
Caesalpinia secundiflora Urb.
Caesalpinia delphinensis Du Puy & Rabev.
Caesalpinia homblei R. Wilczek
Caesalpinia minax Hance
Caesalpinia murifructa Gillis & Proctor
Caesalpinia solomonensis Hattink
Caesalpinia volkensii Harms
Caesalpinia caesia Handel-Mazzetti
Caesalpinia chinensis Roxb.
Caesalpinia crista L. emend. Dandy & Exell—Gray nicker
Caesalpinia elliptifolia S. J. Li, Z. Y. Chen & D. X. Zhang
Caesalpinia hypoglauca Chun & How
Caesalpinia kwangtungensis Merr.
Caesalpinia laevigata Perr.
Caesalpinia magnifoliolata Metcalf
Caesalpinia nuga (L.) Ait.
Caesalpinia paniculata (Lam.) Roxb.
Caesalpinia rhombifolia J. E. Vidal
Caesalpinia scandens Heyne ex Roth
Caesalpinia szechuanensis Craib
Caesalpinia vernalis Champion
Caesalpinia yunnanensis S. J. Li, D. X. Zhang & Z. Y. Chen

Uses

Some species are grown for their ornamental flowers.
References
The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3.
Gagnon E, Bruneau A, Hughes CE, de Queiroz LP, Lewis GP (2016). "A new generic system for the pantropical Caesalpinia group (Leguminosae)". PhytoKeys (71): 1–160. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.71.9203. PMC 5558824. PMID 28814915.
"Caesalpinia L." TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
"Genus: Caesalpinia L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-04-03. Archived from the original on 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2010-12-03.
Gledhill, David (2008). The Names of Plants (4th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-521-86645-3.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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