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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Cladus: Macroheterocera
Superfamilia: Noctuoidea

Familia: Erebidae
Subfamilia: Arctiinae
Tribus: Arctiini
Subtribus: Ctenuchina
Genera: Aclytia – Agyrta – Antichloris – Anycles – Belemnia – Ceramidia – Ceramidiodes – CercopimorphaCissepsCorematura – Coreura – Correbia – Ctenucha – Cyanopepla – Dahana – Delphyre – Dinia – Ecdemus – Episcepsis – Eriphioides – Eucereon – Gloora – Gymnelia – Heliura – Lymire – Neacerea – Parascepsis – Ptychotricos – Telioneura – Tipulodes – Trichura

Name

Ctenuchina Kirby, 1837
Synonyms

Ctenuchinae
Ctenuchini

References

Becker, V.O., 2013: Taxonomic changes in the Neotropical Pericopina and Ctenuchina moths (Erebidae, Arctiinae, Arctiini), with description of new taxa. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 46: 53–66. Abstract and full article: [1].
Dowdy, N.J., Keating, S., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.M., Conner, W.E., Chialvo, C.H.S., Weller, S.J., Simmons, R.B., Sisson, M.S. & Zaspel, J.M. 2020. A deeper meaning for shallow-level phylogenomic studies: nested anchored hybrid enrichment offers great promise for resolving the tiger moth tree of life (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae). Systematic Entomology 45(4): 874–893. DOI: 10.1111/syen.12433 Reference page.
Grados, J., Laguerre, M. & Boppré, M. 2018: Gloora gen. nov. (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Arctiini: Ctenuchina) for several Agylla-like Arctiinae. Zootaxa 4497(2): 226–240. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4497.2.4. Open access Reference page.
Weller, S.J. et. al., 2000: Abdominal Modifications Occurring in Wasp Mimics of the Ctenuchine-Euchromiine Clade (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 93: 920–928.
Lafontaine, J.D. & Fibiger, M. 2006. Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian entomologist 138(5): 610–635. DOI: 10.4039/n06-012 Reference page.
Lafontaine, J.D. & Schmidt, B.C. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. Zookeys 40: 1–239. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.40.414 Reference page.
Laguerre, M., Romé, D. & Deknuydt, F. 2014: A new species of Eriphioides Kirby, 1892, from Martinique (Lepidoptera, Erebiidae, Arctiinae, Ctenuchini). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 119(4): 421–425. Reference page.
Pinheiro, L.R. & Duarte, M., 2013: Taxonomic Notes on Ctenuchina, Euchromiina, and Phaegopterina (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae, Arctiini). Florida Entomologist, 96 (2): 351–359. Full article: [2].
Pinheiro, L.R.; Duarte, M. 2014: Annotated catalogue with illustrations of Menetries' types of Ctenuchina and Euchromiina (Erebidae, Arctiinae, Arctiini) depositied in the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sceince, St. Petersburg, Russia. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 68 (1): 37–44. Full article: [3].
Schaus, W. 1905. Descriptions of new South American moths. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 29(1420): 179-345. full article BHL. Reference page.
Schmidt, B. Christian & Paul A. Opler, 2008, Rivised checklist of the tiger moths of the Continental United States and Canada. Zootaxa 1677: 1–23. [4]
Zaspel, J.M., Weller, S.J., Wardwell, C.T., Zahiri, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2014. Phylogeny and Evolution of Pharmacophagy in Tiger Moths (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae). PLoS ONE 9(7): e101975. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101975 Reference page.
Zenker, M.M., Wahlberg, N., Brehm, G., Teston, J.A., Przybylowicz, L., Pie, M.R. & Freitas, A.V.L. 2017. Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region. Zoologica scripta 46(3): 348–362. DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12202 Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Wasp Moths

The Ctenuchina are a subtribe of moths in the family Erebidae.

Taxonomy

The Ctenuchina were previously classified as the subfamily Ctenuchinae of the family Arctiidae. That subfamily contained three tribes: Ctenuchini, Euchromiini (wasp moths), and Syntomini. The family Arctiidae was lowered in rank to the subfamily Arctiinae, and consequently, the three tribes became subtribes (with the -ina suffix). Ctenuchina and Euchromiina were reclassified in the tribe Arctiini, while the Syntomina were raised in rank to the tribe Syntomini.[1][2]
Genera

List separated based on data from the Taxonomicon [3]

Cisseps
Ctenucha
Dahana

Assigned to subfamily Arctiinae. Not assigned to a tribe.

Belemniastis
Eunomia
Isia

Assigned to tribe Arctiini. Not assigned to a subtribe.

Belemnia

References

Zahiri, Reza; et al. (2011). "Molecular phylogenetics of Erebidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea)". Systematic Entomology. 37: 102–124. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00607.x.
Lafontaine, Donald; Schmidt, Christian (19 Mar 2010). "Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico". ZooKeys. 40: 26. doi:10.3897/zookeys.40.414.

"The Taxonomicon: Subtribe Ctenuchina". Retrieved 22 February 2015.

Natural History Museum Lepidoptera generic names catalog

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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