Plants, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Convolvulaceae
Tribus: Aniseieae – Cardiochlamyeae – Convolvuleae – Cresseae – Cuscuteae – Dichondreae – Erycibeae – Humbertieae – Ipomoeeae – Jacquemontieae – Maripeae – Merremieae
Genera: AniseiaArgyreiaAstripomoeaBlinkworthiaBonamiaCalycobolusCalystegiaCamoneaCardiochlamysCladostigmaConvolvulusCordisepalumCressaCuscutaDaustiniaDecalobanthusDichondraDicranostylesDipteropeltisDistimakeDuperreyaErycibeEvolvulusFalkiaHewittiaHildebrandtiaHumbertiaHyalocystisIpomoea – Itzaea – Jacquemontia – Keraunea – Lepistemon – Lepistemonopsis – Lysiostyles – MaripaMerremiaMetaporanaNephrophyllumNeuropeltisNeuropeltopsis – Odonellia – Operculina – Paralepistemon – Pentacrostigma – Petrogenia – Polymeria – Porana – Rapona – Remirema – Rivea – Sabaudiella – Seddera – Stictocardia – Stylisma – Tetralocularia – Tridynamia – Turbina – Wilsonia – Xenostegia

Name

Convolvulaceae Juss., Genera Plantarum 132. 1789. nom. cons. (as 'Convolvuli')

Type genus: Convolvulus L.

Synonyms

Homotypic
Convolvuloideae Burnett, Outl. Bot.: 1002, 1095, 1105. 1835.

Heterotypic
Cressaceae Raf., Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 8: 270. 1821.
Type genus: Cressa L.
Cuscutaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl. 20, 25. 1829, nom. cons.
Type genus: Cuscuta L.
Dichondraceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl. 20, 24. 1829, nom. cons.
Type genus: Dichondra J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.
Erycibaceae Endl. ex Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen.: Tab. Diagn. 272, Comm. 185. 1840.
Type genus: Erycibe Roxb.
Evolvulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Přir. Rostlin 2: 130, 132. 1825.
Type genus: Evolvulus L.
Humbertiaceae Pichon, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 13: 23. 1947, nom. cons.
Type genus: Humbertia Comm. ex Lam.
Poranaceae J.Agardh, Theoria Syst. Pl.: 364. 1858.
Type genus: Porana Burm.f.

Note: Subfamily classifications are not used here, as there are significant problems, although they can be useful phylogenetic research. For example, Cardiochlamyoideae has not been formally published and so can not be used in taxonomy and the tribal classification above is still unstable and a work in progress (Stevens, 2021)
References
Primary references

Jussieu, A.L. de 1789. Genera plantarum, secundum ordines naturales disposita juxta methodum in Horto Regio Parisiensi exaratam. 498 pp. Paris: Herissant et Theophile Barrois. BHL Reference page.
Burnett, G.T. 1835. Outlines of Botany, including a general history of the vegetable kingdom. Vol. 1–2, 1190 pp., London: John Churchill. Archive.org Reference page.

Additional references

Luna, J.A., Demissew, S., Darbyshire, I. & Carine, M.A. 2014. The significance of one versus two styles: the return of Seddera section Socotroseddera to Convolvulus. Phytotaxa 156(1): 47–53. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.156.1.3 Reference page.
Simões, A.R. & Staples, G.W. 2017. Dissolution of Convolvulaceae tribe Merremieae and a new classification of the constituent genera. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 183(4): 561-586. DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/box007 Open access Reference page.
Stefanović, S., Austin, D.F. & Olmstead, R.G. 2003. Classification of Convolvulaceae: A Phylogenetic Approach. Systematic Botany 28(4): 791–806. DOI: 10.1043/02-45.1 PDF. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Convolvulaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Mar. 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Convolvulaceae. Published online. Accessed: June 7 2016.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Convolvulaceae Unlimited

Vernacular names
العربية: محمودية
azərbaycanca: Sarmaşıqkimilər
беларуская: Бярозкавыя
català: Convolvulàcies
čeština: Svlačcovité
dansk: Snerlefamilien
Deutsch: Windengewächse
dolnoserbski: Pówitkowe rostliny
Ελληνικά: Περιπλοκοειδή
English: Morning-glory family
Esperanto: Konvolvulacoj
eesti: Kassitapulised
euskara: Konbolbulazeo
فارسی: پیچکیان
suomi: Kiertokasvit
français: Convolvulacées
Gaeilge: Ialus
עברית: חבלבליים
हिन्दी: हरिणपदी कुल
hrvatski: Slakovke
hornjoserbsce: Wijawkowe rostliny
magyar: Szulákfélék
հայերեն: Պատատուկազգիներ
íslenska: Vafningsklukkuætt
日本語: ヒルガオ科
ქართული: ხვართქლასებრნი
қазақша: Шырмауықтар тұқымдасы
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗೆಣಸಿನ ಕುಟುಂಬ
한국어: 메꽃과
lietuvių: Vijokliniai
македонски: Повивки
മലയാളം: കോൺവോൾവുലേസിയേ
Bân-lâm-gú: Soân-hoe-kho
Nedersaksies: Wiendefemilie
Nederlands: Windefamilie
norsk: Vindelfamilien
polski: Powojowate
پنجابی: سجری سویر
русский: Вьюнковые
slovenčina: Pupencovité
српски / srpski: Slakovke
svenska: Vindeväxter
తెలుగు: కన్వాల్వులేసి
ไทย: วงศ์ผักบุ้ง
Türkçe: Kahkaha çiçeğigiller
українська: Берізкові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Bìm bìm
中文: 旋花科

Convolvulaceae (US: /kənvɒlvjʊˈleɪsieɪ/), known commonly as the bindweed or morning glory family, is a family of about 60 genera and more than 1,650 species of mostly herbaceous vines, but also trees, shrubs and herbs, and also including the sweet potato and a few other food tubers.

Description

Convolvulaceae can be recognized by their funnel-shaped, radially symmetrical corolla; the floral formula for the family has five sepals, five fused petals, five epipetalous stamens (stamens fused to the petals), and a two-part syncarpous and superior gynoecium. The stems of these plants are usually winding, hence their Latin name (from convolvere, "to wind"). The leaves are simple and alternate, without stipules. In parasitic Cuscuta (dodder) they are reduced to scales. The fruit can be a capsule, berry, or nut, all containing only two seeds per one locule (one ovule/ovary).
Convolvulus sepium, slightly reduced.

The leaves and starchy, tuberous roots of some species are used as foodstuffs (e.g. sweet potato and water spinach), and the seeds are exploited for their medicinal value as purgatives. Some species contain ergoline alkaloids that are likely responsible for the use of these species as ingredients in psychedelic drugs (e.g. ololiuhqui). The presence of ergolines in some species of this family is due to infection by fungi related to the ergot fungi of the genus Claviceps. A recent study of Convolvulaceae species, Ipomoea asarifolia, and its associated fungi showed the presence of a fungus, identified by DNA sequencing of 18s and ITS ribosomal DNA and phylogenetic analysis to be closely related to fungi in the family Clavicipitaceae, was always associated with the presence of ergoline alkaloids in the plant. The identified fungus appears to be a seed-transmitted, obligate biotroph growing epiphytically on its host.[1] This finding strongly suggests the unique presence of ergoline alkaloids in some species of the family Convolvulaceae is due to symbiosis with clavicipitaceous fungi. Moreover, another group of compounds, loline alkaloids, commonly produced by some members of the clavicipitaceous fungi (genus Neotyphodium), has been identified in a convolvulaceous species, but the origin of the loline alkaloids in this species is unknown.[2]

Members of the family are well known as showy garden plants (e.g. morning glory) and as troublesome weeds (e.g. bindweed (mainly Convolvulus and Calystegia) and dodder), while Humbertia madagascariensis is a medium-sized tree and Ipomoea carnea is an erect shrub. Some parasitic members of this family are also used medicinally.[3]
Genera

Tribe Aniseieae

Aniseia Choisy
Odonellia K.R.Robertson
Tetralocularia O'Donell[4]

Tribe Cardiochlamyeae

Cardiochlamys Oliv.
Cordisepalum Verdc.
Dinetus Buch.-Ham. ex Sweet
Duperreya Gaudich.
Poranopsis Roberty
Tridynamia Gagnep.[5]

Tribe Convolvuleae

Calystegia R.Br. – Bindweed, morning glory
Convolvulus L. – bindweed, morning glory
Jacquemontia Choisy
Polymeria R.Br.[6]

Tribe Cresseae

Bonamia Thouars
Cladostigma Radlk.
Cressa L.
Evolvulus L.
Hildebrandtia Vatke
Seddera Hochst.
Stylisma Raf.
Wilsonia R. Br.[7]

Tribe Cuscuteae

Cuscuta L. – dodder[8]

Tribe Dichondreae

Dichondra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Falkia Thunb.
Nephrophyllum A.Rich.
Petrogenia I.M.Johnst.[9]

Tribe Erycibeae

Erycibe Roxb.[10]

Tribe Humbertieae

Humbertia[11]

Tribe Ipomoeeae

Argyreia Lour. – Hawaiian baby woodrose
Astripomoea A.Meeuse
Blinkworthia Choisy
Ipomoea L. – morning glory, sweet potato
Lepistemon Blume
Lepistemonopsis Dammer
Paralepistemon Lejoly & Lisowski
Rivea Choisy
Stictocardia Hallier f.[12]

Tribe Maripeae

Dicranostyles Benth.
Itzaea Standl. & Steyerm.
Lysiostyles Benth.
Maripa Aubl.[13]

Tribe Poraneae

Calycobolus Willd. ex Schult.
Dipteropeltis Hallier f.
Metaporana N.E.Br.
Neuropeltis Wall.
Neuropeltopsis Ooststr.
Porana Burm.f.
Rapona Baill.

Incertae sedis[14]

Camonea Raf.
Daustinia Buril & Simões
Decalobanthus Ooststr.
Distimake Raf.
Hewittia Wight & Arn.
Hyalocystis Hallier f.
Keraunea Cheek & Sim.-Bianch.
Merremia Dennst. ex Endl. – Hawaiian woodrose
Operculina Silva Manso
Remirema Kerr
Xenostegia D.F.Austin & Staples

References

Ulrike Steiner; Mahalia A. Ahimsa-Müller; Anne Markert; Sabine Kucht; Julia Groß; Nicole Kauf; Monika Kuzma; Monika Zych; Marc Lamshöft; Miroslawa Furmanowa; et al. (2006). "Molecular characterization of a seed transmitted clavicipitaceous fungus occurring on dicotyledoneous plants (Convolvulaceae)". Planta. 224 (3): 533–544. doi:10.1007/s00425-006-0241-0. PMID 16525783. S2CID 25682792.
Britta Tofern; Macki Kaloga; Ludger Witte; Thomas Hartmann; Eckart Eich (1999). "Occurrence of loline alkaloids in Argyreia mollis (Convolvulaceae)". Phytochemistry. 51 (8): 1177–1180. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(99)00121-1.
O'Neill, A.R.; Rana, S.K. (2019). "An ethnobotanical analysis of parasitic plants (Parijibi) in the Nepal Himalaya". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 12 (14): 14. doi:10.1186/s13002-016-0086-y. PMC 4765049. PMID 26912113.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Aniseieae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cardiochlamyeae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Convolvuleae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cresseae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cuscuteae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Dichondreae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Erycibeae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Humbertieae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Ipomoeeae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
"Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Maripeae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-04-13.

Simões, A. R.; Staples, G. (2017-04-01). "Dissolution of Convolvulaceae tribe Merremieae and a new classification of the constituent genera". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 183 (4): 561–586. doi:10.1093/botlinnean/box007. ISSN 0024-4074.

Further reading

Daniel F. Austin (1973). "The American Erycibeae (Convolvulaceae): Maripa, Dicranostyles, and Lysiostyles I. Systematics". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 60 (2): 306–412. doi:10.2307/2395089. JSTOR 2395089.
Austin, D. F. 1997. Convolvulaceae (Morning Glory Family)
Convolvulus plant
Convolvulaceae in L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants.
Daniel F. Austin (2000). "Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis, Convolvulaceae) in North America – from medicine to menace". Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 127 (2): 172–177. doi:10.2307/3088694. JSTOR 3088694.
Costea, M. 2007-onwards. Digital Atlas of Cuscuta (Convolvulaceae)
Lyons, K. E. 2001. Element stewardship abstract for Convolvulus arvensis L. field bindweed. The Nature Conservancy.
Calif. Dept. of Food and Agriculture. Undated. Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.)
Univ. of Idaho Extension. 1999. Homewise: No matter what we do, our morning glory weeds come back every year. Any advice? Aug. 23
Hodges, L. 2003. Bindweed identification and control options for organic production. NebFacts. Univ. of Nebraska – Lincoln Cooperative Extension
Univ. of California Agriculture and Natural Resources. 2003. Field Bindweed. Pest Notes. Publ. # 7462
Washington State Univ. Cooperative Extension. Undated. Hortsense: Weeds: Field bindweed (Wild morningglory): Convolvulus arvensis
Sullivan, P. 2004. Field bindweed control alternatives. ATTRA. National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service.
Lanini, W. T. Undated. Organic weed management in vineyards. University of California, Davis Cooperative Extension.
Cox, H. R. 1915. The eradication of bindweed or wild morning-glory. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Farmers’ Bulletin 368. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office.
J. L. Littlefield (2004). "Bindweeds". In Eric M. Coombs (ed.). Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the United States. Corvallis OR: Oregon State University Press. pp. 150–157. ISBN 978-0-87071-029-2.
New Mexico State Univ. Cooperative Extension Service. 2004. Managing Aceria malherbae gall mites for control of field bindweed.
Sue Dockstader (2005). "Coping with field bindweed without using herbicides". Journal of Pesticide Reform. 25 (1): 6–7. Archived from the original on 2012-04-22. Retrieved 2012-02-14.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World