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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Mygalomorphae
Superfamilia: Theraphosoidea

Familia: Theraphosidae
Subfamilia: Theraphosinae
Genus: Grammostola
Species: G. actaeon – G. alticeps – G. andreleetzi – G. anthracina – G. aureostriata – G. borelli – G. burzaquensis – G. chalcothrix – G. diminuta – G. doeringi – G. fossor – G. gossei – G. grossa – G. iheringi – G. inermis – G. mendozae – G. mollicoma – G. monticola – G. porteri – G. pulchra – G. pulchripes – G. quirogai – G. rosea – G. schulzei – G. subvulpina – G. vachoni

Grammostola Simon, 1892

Type species: Eurypelma pulchripes Eugène Louis Simon, 1891.

Lasiopelma Simon, 1892
Polyspinosa Schmidt, 1999 (synonymized by Bertani & Fukushima, 2004: 330)
Type species: Polyspina schultzei
Sorata Strand, 1907a: 554 [syn. Raven, 1985a: 159]


Schmidt, G. 2001. Grammostola fossor sp. n., ein weiterer Vertreter der Grammostola iheringi-Gruppe aus Argentinien (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Theraphosinae). Arthropoda 9(3): 2–8. Reference page.
Schmidt, G.E.W. 2005. Das Männchen von Grammostola schulzei (Schmidt, 1994) (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Theraphosinae). Tarantulas of the World 106: 7–10. Reference page.
Schmidt, G. & Bullmer, M. 2001. Grammostola aureostriata sp. nov., ein vertreter der Grammostola iheringi-Gruppe (Araneae: Theraphosidae, Theraphosinae) aus Argentinien und Paraguay. Entomologische Zeitschrift, Stuttgart 111: 173–176. Reference page.
Strand, E. 1907. Vorläufige Diagnosen afrikanischer und südamerikanischer Spinnen. Zoologischer anzeiger 31: 525–558. Biostor, BHL Reference page.
Ferretti, N.E., Pompozzi, G., González, A. & Pérez-Miles, F. 2013. The genus Grammostola Simon 1892 (Araneae: Theraphosidae): a new species from western Argentina, new synonymy and distributional data. Journal of Natural History 47(47–48): 2961–2977. DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2013.791945 Paywall Reference page.
Ferretti, N.; Pompozzi, G.; Pérez-Miles, F. 2011: The species of Grammostola (Araneae: Theraphosidae) from Central Argentina: taxonomy, distribution, and surface ultrastructure of coxal setae. Zootaxa, 2828: 1–18. Preview


Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Grammostola is a genus of South American tarantulas that was first described in text by Eugène Louis Simon in 1892.[5] These medium- to large-sized spiders are native to tropical South America, and are usually brown in color, with pinkish or orangish-red hairs. The very docile Chilean rose tarantulas (Grammostola rosea and Grammostola porteri) are popular as a beginner's spider among tarantula enthusiasts.[6]
Grammostola as a pet

The Chilean rose tarantula (Grammostola rosea) is a common pet, as its behavior is generally docile and its venom is very mild. It needs to be kept dry and dislikes being wet (its natural habitat is one of the driest deserts on earth). If the substrate is too wet, it will stand "on tiptoes" in discomfort, or climb the sides of its enclosure, risking fall and injury. It feeds on other invertebrates. Its attributes and care are similar to those of its relative, the Chaco golden-knee tarantula (Grammostola pulchripes).[citation needed]

As of December 2022 it contains twenty species, found in South America:[1]

Grammostola actaeon (Pocock, 1903) – Brazil, Uruguay
Grammostola alticeps (Pocock, 1903) – Uruguay
Grammostola andreleetzi Vol, 2008 – Uruguay
Grammostola anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842) – Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina
Grammostola borelli (Simon, 1897) – Paraguay
Grammostola burzaquensis Ibarra, 1946 – Argentina
Grammostola chalcothrix Chamberlin, 1917 – Argentina
Grammostola diminuta Ferretti, Pompozzi, González & Pérez-Miles, 2013 – Argentina
Grammostola doeringi (Holmberg, 1881) – Argentina
Grammostola gossei (Pocock, 1899) – Argentina
Grammostola grossa (Ausserer, 1871) – Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina
Grammostola iheringi (Keyserling, 1891) – Brazil
Grammostola inermis Mello-Leitão, 1941 – Argentina
Grammostola mendozae (Strand, 1907) – Argentina
Grammostola porteri (Mello-Leitão, 1936) – Chile
Grammostola pulchra Mello-Leitão, 1921 – Brazil
Grammostola pulchripes (Simon, 1891) (type) – Paraguay, Argentina
Grammostola quirogai Montes de Oca, D'Elía & Pérez-Miles, 2016 – Brazil, Uruguay
Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer, 1837) – Bolivia, Chile, Argentina
Grammostola subvulpina (Strand, 1906) – South America
Grammostola vachoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961 – Argentina

In synonymy

G. argentinensis Strand, 1907 = Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer, 1837)
G. aureostriata Schmidt & Bullmer, 2001 = Grammostola pulchripes (Simon, 1891)
G. australis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948 = Grammostola inermis Mello-Leitão, 1941
G. brevimetatarsis Strand, 1907 = Grammostola actaeon (Pocock, 1903)
G. cala Chamberlin, 1917 = Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer, 1837)
G. fasciata Mello-Leitão, 1921 = Grammostola grossa (Ausserer, 1871)
G. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1921 = Grammostola grossa (Ausserer, 1871)
G. fossor Schmidt, 2001 = Grammostola vachoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961
G. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1921 = Grammostola iheringi (Keyserling, 1891)
G. grandicola Strand, 1908 = Grammostola grossa (Ausserer, 1871)
G. longimana Mello-Leitão, 1921 = Grammostola anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842)
G. mollicoma (Ausserer, 1875) = Grammostola anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842)
G. porteri (Mello-Leitão, 1936) = Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer, 1837)
G. roquettei Mello-Leitão, 1921 = Grammostola anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842)
G. schulzei (Schmidt, 1994) = Grammostola vachoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961
G. spatulata (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) = Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer, 1837)

Transferred to other genera

Grammostola familiaris (Bertkau, 1880) → Homoeomma familiare
Nomen dubium

Grammostola monticola (Strand, 1907) - Bolivia

See also

List of Theraphosidae species


Gloor, Daniel; Nentwig, Wolfgang; Blick, Theo; Kropf, Christian (2020). "Gen. Grammostola Simon, 1892". World Spider Catalog Version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern. doi:10.24436/2. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
Schmidt, G. (1994). "Das Männchen von Tapinauchenius gigas di Caporiacco, 1954 (Araneida: Theraphosidae: Aviculariinae)". Arachnologisches Magazin. 2 (5): 5.
Bertani, R.; Fukushima, C. S. (2004). "Polyspinosa Schmidt, 1999 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Eumenophorinae) is a synonym of Grammostola Simon, 1892 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Theraphosinae)". Revista Ibérica de Aracnología. 9: 330.
Raven, R. J. (1985). "The spider infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): Cladistics and systematics". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 182: 159.
Simon, E (1892). Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris: Roret. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51973.
Muller-Esnault, Susan, DVM. "Rose Hair Tarantulas or Chilean Rose Hair" (2008). Archived 2015-04-19 at the Wayback Machine

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