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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Cladus: Macroheterocera
Superfamilia: Drepanoidea

Familia: Drepanidae
Subfamilia: Thyatirinae
Genus: Achlya
Species: A. flavicornis – A. jezoensis – A. hoerburgeri – A. longipennis – A. tateyamai
Name

Achyla Billberg, 1820

Type species: Phalaena (Noctua) flavicornis Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms

Cymatophora Treitschke, 1825, in Ochsenheimer, Die Schmetterlinge von Europa 5(1): 77. TS: Phalaena (Noctua) flavicornis Linnaeus, 1758. TL: Sweden.
Daruma Matsumura, 1927, Journal of the College of Agriculture, Hokkaido Imperial University of Tokyo 19: 15. TS: Daruma jezoensis Matsumura, 1927. TL: Japan.
Darumona Strand, 1935, Folia zoologica and hydrobiologica 7: 303. TS: Daruma jezoensis Matsumura, 1927. TL: Japan.

References

Billberg, 1820, Enumeratio Insectorum in Museo G.J. Billberg: 87
Laszlo, Gy. M.; G. Ronkay; L. Ronkay & T. Witt, 2007, Esperiana Buchreihe zur Entomologie Band 13: 1–683 [1]

Achlya is a genus of Oomycete (water mold). The genus includes several plant pathogens including Achlya conspicua and Achlya klebsiana. Unlike many other microorganisms, cell expansion is governed by changes in cell wall strength rather than changes in osmotic pressure.[1] The genome of Achlya hypogyna has been sequenced and can be accessed on public online databases, for example on the NCBI website (National Center for Biotechnology Information).[2]

The genus was first described in 1823 by Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck.[3][4] The type species is Achlya prolifera.[3]

Several Achyla spp. are pathogens of rice seedlings.[5]
References

Extension growth of the water mold Achlya: interplay of turgor and wall strength
Misner, I.; Blouin, N.; Leonard, G.; Richards, T. A.; Lane, C. E. (2015). "The Secreted Proteins of Achlya hypogyna and Thraustotheca clavata Identify the Ancestral Oomycete Secretome and Reveal Gene Acquisitions by Horizontal Gene Transfer". Genome Biology and Evolution. 7 (1): 120–135. doi:10.1093/gbe/evu276. PMC 4316629. PMID 25527045.
"Index Fungorum - Names Record: Achlya". www.indexfungorum.org. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
Nees von Esenbeck, C.G.D. (1823). Carus, J.V. (ed.). "Beitrag zur Geschichte der etc. Schimmelgattungen". Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 11: 514.

Saichuk, Johnny, ed. (2014). "Rice Production Handbook" (PDF). Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-12-09.

Steciow, Mónica M. (2001). "A new freshwater species of Achlya from Tierra del Fuego province, Argentina". New Zealand Journal of Botany. 39 (2): 277–283. doi:10.1080/0028825X.2001.9512738.

Sosa, Emilio R.; Landsberg, Jan H.; Kiryu, Yasunari; Stephenson, Christy M.; Cody, Theresa T.; Dukeman, Angela K.; Wolfe, Heather P.; Vandersea, Mark W.; Litaker, R. Wayne (March 2007). "Pathogenicity studies with the fungi Aphanomyces invadans, Achlya bisexualis, and Phialemonium dimorphosporum: induction of skin ulcers in striped mullet". Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. 19 (1): 41–48. doi:10.1577/H06-013.1. PMID 18236631.

Harold F M, Money N P (1992). "Extension growth of the water mold Achlya: interplay of turgor and wall strength". PNAS. 89 (10): 4245–4249. Bibcode:1992PNAS...89.4245M. doi:10.1073/pnas.89.10.4245. PMC 49058. PMID 11607292.

Further reading
Tsunehiro, Aki; Yukimasa, Matsumoto; Tsotomu, Morinaga; Seiji, Kawamoto; Seiko, Shigeta; Kazuhisa, Ono; Osamu, Suzuki (February 1999). "Lipid composition of a newly isolated polyunsaturated fatty acid producing fungus, Achyla sp. ma-2801". Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering. 86 (5): 504–507. doi:10.1016/S0922-338X(98)80160-8.
O'Brien, Megan A.; Misner, Ian; Lane, Christopher E. (March 2014). "Mitochondrial Genome Sequences and Comparative Genomics of Achlya hypogyna and Thraustotheca clavata". Eukaryotic Microbiology. 61 (2): 146–154. doi:10.1111/jeu.12092. PMID 24252096. S2CID 23122050.

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