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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Brachycera
Infraordo: Asilomorpha
Superfamilia: Nemestrinoidea

Familia: Acroceridae
Subfamilia: Acrocerinae
Genera (2 + 1†): AcroceraCarvalhoa – †Schlingeromyia
[Source: Gillung & Winterton (2019)]


Acrocerinae Leach, 1815

Type genus: Acrocera Meigen, 1803.

Acrocerides Leach, 1815: 162
Acroceridae Samouelle, 1819: 296
Acrocerinae Zetterstedt, 1837: 33
Acroceroidae Agassiz, 1846: 5
Acroceridea Bellardi, 1859: 77
Acrocerida Marschall, 1873: 321
Acroceridi Griffini, 1896: 1
Acrocerii Acloque, 1897: 440, 451
Macroceridae Arias, 1920: 191
Acroceratidae Brues & Melander, 1932: 22, 292

Primary references

Leach, W.E. 1815. Entomology [pp. 57–172]. In: Brewster, D. (Ed). Brewster’s Edinburgh Encyclopedia. Volume IX [part I]. W. Blackwood, J. Waugh, etc., Edinburgh, 764 pp. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Gillung, J.P. & Winterton, S.L. 2019. Evolution of fossil and living spider flies based on morphological and molecular data (Diptera, Acroceridae). Systematic Entomology 44(4): 820–841. DOI: 10.1111/syen.12358 Open access. Reference page.
Winterton, S.L. & Gillung, J.P. 2012. A new species of spider fly in the genus Sabroskya Schlinger from Malawi, with a key to Acrocerinae world genera (Diptera, Acroceridae). ZooKeys 171: 1–15. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.171.2137 Open access. Reference page.
Winterton, S.L., Wiegmann, B.M. & Schlinger, E.I. 2007. Phylogeny and Bayesian divergence time estimations of small-headed flies (Diptera: Acroceridae) using multiple molecular markers. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 43(3): 808–832. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.015


Australasian/Oceanian Diptera Catalog -- Web Version

Acrocerinae is a subfamily of Acroceridae. They are small distinctive flies whose larvae are endoparasites of spiders. Adult hunchback-flies visit flowers to feed on nectar. Traditionally the subfamily included the genera now placed in Cyrtinae and Ogcodinae, but the subfamily in this sense was found to be polyphyletic and was split up in 2019.[1]

The subfamily includes two extant genera and one extinct:[1]

Acrocera Meigen, 1803
Carvalhoa Koçak & Kemal, 2013[2]
†Schlingeromyia Grimaldi & Hauser in Grimaldi, Arillo, Cumming & Hauser, 2011[3]

The extinct fly genus †Burmacyrtus Grimaldi & Hauser in Grimaldi, Arillo, Cumming & Hauser, 2011[3] was originally placed in this subfamily as well, but according to Gillung & Winterton (2017) it is not considered an acrocerid.[4]

Gillung, Jessica P.; Winterton, Shawn L. (2019). "Evolution of fossil and living spider flies based on morphological and molecular data (Diptera, Acroceridae)". Systematic Entomology. 44 (4): 820–841. doi:10.1111/syen.12358.
Koçak, A. Ö.; Kemal, M. (2013). "A nomenclatural note in the family Acroceridae (Diptera)". Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara Miscellaneous Papers (159): 3–4.
Grimaldi, DA; Arillo, A; Cumming, JM; Hauser, M (2011). "Brachyceran Diptera (Insecta) in Cretaceous ambers, Part IV, Significant New Orthorrhaphous Taxa". ZooKeys. 148: 293–332. doi:10.3897/zookeys.148.1809. PMC 3264415. PMID 22287902.

Gillung, Jessica P.; Winterton, Shaun L. (2017). "A review of fossil spider flies (Diptera: Acroceridae) with descriptions of new genera and species from Baltic Amber". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 16 (4): 325–350. doi:10.1080/14772019.2017.1289566.

Further reading
Schlinger, Evert I.; Gillung, Jessica P.; Borkent, Christopher J. (2013). "New spider flies from the Neotropical Region (Diptera, Acroceridae) with a key to New World genera". ZooKeys. 270: 59–93. doi:10.3897/zookeys.270.4476. PMC 3668421. PMID 23730188.
Winterton, Shaun L.; Gillung, Jéssica P. (2012). "A new species of spider fly in the genus Sabroskya Schlinger from Malawi, with a key to Acrocerinae world genera (Diptera, Acroceridae)". ZooKeys. 171: 1–15. doi:10.3897/zookeys.171.2137. PMC 3288680. PMID 22423193.

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