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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Orthoptera
Subordo: Caelifera
Infraordo: Acrididea
Superfamilia: Eumastacoidea
Familiae: Chorotypidae - Episactidae - Eumastacidae - Euschmidtiidae - Mastacideidae - Morabidae - †Promastacidae - Proscopiidae - Thericleidae


Eumastacoidea Burr, 1899
Proscopioidea Vickery, 1997

Eumastacoidea is a superfamily within the order Orthoptera, suborder Caelifera. The family has a mainly tropical distribution and have sometimes been called "monkey grasshoppers".[1]


Some of the characters of the members of the superfamily are the lack of an abdominal tympanum, wings if present widen towards the tip, the antennae are short in some groups the hindlegs are spread out laterally at rest.[2]
Family Chorotypidae
Phyllochoreia ramakrishnai
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
Family Eumastacidae
Eumastax zumuniana
near Tena, Ecuador
Family †Promastacidae
Promastax archaicus
1910 illustration of fossil

The overall classification based on characteristics of the genitalia and the geographic distribution of family groups are as follows:

Family Chorotypidae Stål, 1873
Subfamily Chininae Burr, 1903
Subfamily Chorotypinae (Burr, 1903)
Subfamily Erianthinae (Burr, 1903)
Subfamily Eruciinae Burr, 1903
Subfamily Mnesicleinae Descamps, 1973
Subfamily Prionacanthinae Descamps 1973
Family Episactidae Burr, 1899
Subfamily Episactinae Burr, 1903
Subfamily Espagnolinae Rehn, 1948
Subfamily Miraculinae I. Bolivar, 1903
Family EumastacidaeBurr, 1899
Subfamily Eumastacinae Burr, 1903
Subfamily Gomphomastacinae Burr, 1903
Subfamily Masynteinae Descamps, 1973
Subfamily Morseinae Rehn, 1948
Subfamily Paramastacinae Dirsh, 1961
Subfamily Parepisactinae Dirsh, 1975
Subfamily Pseudomastacinae Dirsh, 1961
Subfamily Temnomastacinae (Rehn, 1948)
Family EuschmidtiidaeRehn, 1948
Subfamily Euschmidtiinae Rehn, 1948
Subfamily Pseudoschmidtiinae Descamps, 1964
Subfamily Stenoschmidtiinae Descamps, 1973
Family Mastacideidae Rehn, 1948
Subfamily Mastacideinae Rehn, 1948
Family MorabidaeRehn, 1948
Subfamily Biroellinae C. Bolivar, 1930
Subfamily Morabinae Rehn, 1948
Family †Promastacidae Kevan & Wighton, 1981
Genus †Promastax Handlirsch, 1910
Family Thericleidae Burr, 1899
Subfamily Afromastacinae Descamps, 1977
Subfamily Barythericleinae Descamps, 1977
Subfamily Chromothericleinae Descamps, 1977
Subfamily Loxicephalinae Descamps, 1977
Subfamily Plagiotriptinae Bolívar, 1914
Subfamily Thericleinae Burr, 1899

The genus †Promastacoides was originally considered a privative Eumastacoidea taxon by Kevan and& Wighton (1981), subsequent authors have consistently found it to be a Susumaniidae stick insect.[3]

Orthoptera Species File (Version 5.0/5.0; retrieved 3 July 2021)
S. Matt; P. K. Flook; C. H. F. Rowell (2008). "A Partial Molecular Phylogeny of the Eumastacoidea s. lat. (Orthoptera, Caelifera)" (PDF). Journal of Orthoptera Research. 17 (1): 43–55. doi:10.1665/1082-6467(2008)17[43:apmpot];2.
Yang, Hongru; Shi, Chaofan; Engel, Michael S; Zhao, Zhipeng; Ren, Dong; Gao, Taiping (2021-01-15). "Early specializations for mimicry and defense in a Jurassic stick insect". National Science Review. 8 (1): nwaa056. doi:10.1093/nsr/nwaa056. ISSN 2095-5138. PMC 8288419. PMID 34691548.

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