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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Brachycera
Infraordo: Asilomorpha
Superfamilia: Nemestrinoidea

Familia: Acroceridae
Subfamilia: Panopinae
Genus: Ocnaea
Species (25): O. auripilosa – O. boharti – O. cisnerosi – O. coerulea – O. falcifer – O. flavipes – O. gigas – O. gloriosa – O. helluo – O. loewi – O. lugubris – O. maculatus – O. magna – O. meridionalis – O. metallica – O. micans – O. penai – O. schwarzi – O. sequoia – O. smithi – O. stuardoi – O. trichocera – O. trivittata – O. vittata – O. xuthogaster

Ocnaea Erichson, 1840: 155

Type species: Ocnaea micans Erichson, 1840, by subsequent designation by Coquillett, 1910: 577.

Eriosoma Macquart, 1838: 172 [1839: 288] [preoccupied by Eriosoma Leach, 1818]
Type species: Acrocera calida Wiedemann, 1830, by original designation.
?Arrhynchus Philippi, 1871
Pialeoidea Westwood, 1876: 514 [syn.: Schlinger, 1961: 7]
Type species: Cyrtus magnus Walker, 1849, by monotypy.

Primary references

Erichson, W.F. 1840. Entomographien, Untersuchungen in dem Gebiete der Entomologie, mit besonderer Benutzung der königl. Sammlung zu Berlin. F.H. Morin, Berlin. 180 pp. 2 plates. BHL Reference page.
Philippi 1871 Ent. Ztg., Stettin, 32, 291.
Schlinger, E.I. 1961. New species of Acrocera from Arizona and Ocnaea from California, with synonymical notes on the genus Ocnaea (Diptera: Acroceridae). Entomological news 72: 7–12. BHL
Westwood, J.O. 1876. Notae dipterologicae. No. 3. - Descriptions of new genera and species of the family Acroceridae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1876: 507–518, plates V-VI. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.1876.tb01927.x Paywall. BHL. Reference page.

Additional references

Evenhuis, N.L., Pape, T. & Pont, A.C. 2016. Nomenclatural Studies Toward a World List of Diptera Genus:-Group Names. Part V: Pierre-Justin-Marie Macquart. Zootaxa 4172(1): 1–211. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4172.1.1 Open access. Full article (PDF) ISBN 978-1-77557-528-3 (paperback); ISBN 978-1-77557-529-0 (Online edition) Reference page.
Gillung, J.P. 2016. FAMILY ACROCERIDAE. In: Wolff, M.I., Nihei, S.S. & Carvalho, C.J.B. de (eds.), Catalogue of Diptera of Colombia. Zootaxa 4122(1): 346–349. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4122.1.28 Paywall. PDF. Reference page.
Gillung, J.P. & Carvalho, C.J.B., de 2009. Acroceridae (Diptera): a pictorial key and diagnosis of the Brazilian genera. Zootaxa 2175: 29–41. Abstract & excerpt. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.2175.1.3 Paywall. PDF. Reference page.
Schlinger, E.I. 1968. Studies in Neotropical Acroceridae, I. A revision of Arrhynchus Philippi and a key to the genera of the Ocnaea branch of the Panopinae (Diptera). Revista chilena de entomología 6: 47–54. BHL
Winterton, S.L., Wiegmann, B.M. & Schlinger, E.I. 2007. Phylogeny and Bayesian divergence time estimations of small-headed flies (Diptera: Acroceridae) using multiple molecular markers. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 43(3): 808–832. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.015 [Arrhynchus as valid]


Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist
ION search for Arrhynchus
ION search for Ocnaea
Nomenclator Zoologicus search for Arrhynchus
Nomenclator Zoologicus search for Ocnaea

Ocnaea is a genus of small-headed flies (insects in the family Acroceridae). There are at least 20 described species in Ocnaea.[4][5][6][7]

These 25 species belong to the genus Ocnaea:

Ocnaea auripilosa Johnson, 1923 i c g b
Ocnaea boharti Schlinger, 1983 i c g b
Ocnaea cisnerosi James, 1950 c g
Ocnaea coerulea Cole, 1919 i c g[8]
Ocnaea falcifer Aldrich, 1928 c g
Ocnaea flavipes Aldrich, 1926 c g
Ocnaea gigas Aldrich, 1928 c g
Ocnaea gloriosa (Sabrosky, 1943) i c g[9]
Ocnaea helluo Osten Sacken, 1877 i c g[10]
Ocnaea loewi Cole, 1919 i c g[8]
Ocnaea lugubris Gerstaecker, 1856 c g
Ocnaea magna (Walker, 1849) i c g
Ocnaea metallica (Osten Sacken, 1887) c g
Ocnaea micans Erichson, 1840 c g
Ocnaea schwarzi Cole, 1919 c g[8]
Ocnaea sequoia Sabrosky, 1948 i c g b[11]
Ocnaea smithi Sabrosky, 1948 i c g
Ocnaea trichocera Osten Sacken, 1887 c g
Ocnaea trivittata Aldrich, 1932 c g[12]
Ocnaea xuthogaster Schlinger, 1961 i c g[2]

The following five species are sometimes placed in Arrhynchus:

Ocnaea maculatus (Schlinger, 1968) c g[13]
Ocnaea meridionalis Sabrosky, 1946 c g[14]
Ocnaea penai (Schlinger, 1968) c[13]
Ocnaea stuardoi Sabrosky, 1946 c g[14]
Ocnaea vittata (Philippi, 1871) c g

Data sources: i = ITIS,[4] c = Catalogue of Life,[5] g = GBIF,[6] b =[7]

Evenhuis, Neal L.; Pape, Thomas; Pont, Adrian C. (2016). "Nomenclatural Studies Toward a World List of Diptera Genus:-Group Names. Part V: Pierre-Justin-Marie Macquart" (PDF). Zootaxa. 4172 (1): 1–211. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4172.1.1. PMID 27701208.
Schlinger, E.I. (1961). "New Species of Acrocera from Arizona and Ocnaea from California, with Synonymical Notes on the Genus: Ocnaea (Diptera: Acroceridae)". Entomological News. 72: 7–12.
Westwood, J. O. (1876). "Notae Dipterologicae. No. 3.— Descriptions of new genera and species of the family Acroceridae". Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 1876: 507–518.
"Ocnaea Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
"Browse Ocnaea". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
"Ocnaea". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
"Ocnaea Genus: Information". Retrieved 2018-04-26.
Cole, F. R. (1919). "The Dipterous Family Cyrtidae in North America". Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 45 (1): 1–79. JSTOR 25077002.
Sabrosky, C.W. (1943). "A new species and notes on Acroceridae (Diptera)". Entomological News. 55: 176–182.
Osten Sacken, C.R. (1877). "Western Diptera: Descriptions of new genera and species of Diptera from the region west of the Mississippi and especially from California". Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. 3 (189–354). doi:10.5962/bhl.title.57939.
Sabrosky, C.W. (1948). "A Further Contribution to the Classification of the North American Spider Parasites of the Family Acroceratidae (Diptera)". The American Midland Naturalist. 39 (2): 382–430. doi:10.2307/2421592. JSTOR 2421592.
Aldrich, J. M. (1932). "New Diptera, or two-winged flies, from America, Asia, and Java, with additional notes". Proceedings of the United States National Museum. The United States National Museum. 81 (9): 1–28. doi:10.5479/si.00963801.81-2932.1. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
Schlinger, E.I. (1968). "Studies in Neotropical Acroceridae, Part I. A revision of Arrhynchus Philippi and a key to the genera of the Ocnaea Branch of the Panopinae (Diptera)". Revista Chilena de Entomología. 6: 47–54.

Sabrosky, C.W. (1946). "Two new species of Ocnaea from Chile.". In Stuardo Ortiz, C. (ed.). Catálogo de los Dípteros de Chile. Santiago: Ministerio de Agricultura, Impresiones Universitaria. pp. 190–195. OCLC 29151155.

Further reading

McAlpine, J. F.; Petersen, B. V.; Shewell, G. E.; Teskey, H. J.; Vockeroth, J. R.; Wood, D. M., eds. (1981). Manual of Nearctic Diptera, Volume I. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch. ISBN 978-0-660-10731-8.

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