Insects, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Orthoptera
Subordo: Ensifera
Superfamilia: Stenopelmatoidea
Familiae (4): Anostostomatidae – Cooloolidae – Gryllacrididae – Stenopelmatidae

Stenopelmatoidea Burmeister, 1838

Gryllacridoidea Blanchard, 1845


Burmeister, H. 1838. Handbuch der Entomologie. Kaukerfe. Gymnognatha. 2(2), 756 pp. Theodor Christian Friedrich Enslin (Berlin). BHL Reference page.
Gorochov, A.V. 2001: The higher classification, phylogeny and evolution of the superfamily Stenopelmatoidea. Pp. 3-33 in Field, L.H. (ed.) The biology of wetas, king crickets and their allies. CABI publishing.
Ingrisch, S. 2011: Order Orthoptera Oliver, 1789. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) 2011: Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148: 195–197. ISBN 978-1-86977-849-1 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7 (online edition) PDF

Additional references

Vandergast, A.G., Weissman, D.B., Wood, D.A., Rentz, D.C.F., Bazelet, C.S. & Ueshima, N. 2017. Tackling an intractable problem: Can greater taxon sampling help resolve relationships within the Stenopelmatoidea (Orthoptera: Ensifera)? Zootaxa 4291(1): 1–33. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4291.1.1. Full article (PDF) Reference page.

Vernacular names
日本語: コロギス上科

Stenopelmatoidea is a superfamily of insects in the order Orthoptera; in some older classifications this group was referred to as Gryllacridoidea.

The classification and constituency of Stenopelmatoidea is an ongoing source of controversy, with different authorities proposing radically different arrangements. At present, the majority of researchers appear to be mostly in consensus that Stenopelmatoidea comprises several well-separated lineages, at least three of which (Anostostomatidae, Gryllacrididae, and Stenopelmatidae) can be reasonably well-defined, and have molecular evidence that supports their recognition as monophyletic groups.[1][2][3] At least one other authority, working exclusively with morphological characters, has instead proposed that Stenopelmatoidea contains only two lineages (Anostostomatidae and Stenopelmatidae), the latter of which not only includes Gryllacrididae as a subfamily, but also the entire superfamily Schizodactyloidea, similarly reduced to the rank of subfamily (e.g. [4]), a result explicitly rejected by other researchers.[3]

In most classifications, Stenopelmatoidea consists of four families:[5]

Anostostomatidae – wetas, king crickets
Cooloolidae – Cooloola monsters
Gryllacrididae – leaf-rolling crickets
Stenopelmatidae – Jerusalem crickets


Flook, P.K., Klee, S., Rowell, C.H.F. (1999) Combined molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Orthoptera (Arthropoda, Insecta) and implications for their higher systematics. Syst. Biol. 48: 233. DOI:10.1080/106351599260274
Jost, M.C, Shaw, K.L. (2006) Phylogeny of Ensifera (Hexapoda: Orthoptera) using three ribosomal loci, with implications for the evolution of acoustic communication. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 38: 510. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.10.004
Vandergast, A.G., Weissman, D.B., Wood, D.A., Rentz, D.C., Bazelet, C.S., and Ueshima, N. (2017) Tackling an intractable problem: Can greater taxon sampling help resolve relationships within the Stenopelmatoidea (Orthoptera: Ensifera)? Zootaxa 4291, no. 1, p. 1. DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4291.1.1
Gorochov, A.V. (2020) The families Stenopelmatidae and Anostostomatidae (Orthoptera). 1. Higher classification, new and little known taxa. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 99: 905–961 (In Russian).
David C. Eades; Daniel Otte. Orthoptera Species File

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World