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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Odonatoptera
Cladus: Holodonata
Ordo: Odonata
Subordo: Epiprocta
Infraordo: Anisoptera
Superfamilia: Libelluloidea

Familia: Synthemistidae
Genera: Austrosynthemis - Choristhemis - Eusynthemis - Palaeosynthemis - Synthemiopsis - Synthemis - Tonyosynthemis

Synthemistidae Tillyard, 1917

The Synthemistidae are the family of dragonflies commonly known as tigertails, or sometimes called southern emeralds. This family is sometimes treated as a subfamily of Corduliidae.[2] This is an ancient dragonfly family, with some species occurring in Australia and New Guinea.[3] Most species are small in size and have narrow abdomens. Their nymphs are bottom dwellers, and resist droughts by burying themselves very deeply. Synthemistid dragonflies frequently prefer marshy areas, as well as fast-flowing streams. The family Synthemistidae is sometimes called Synthemidae.


The family Synthemistidae includes the following genera:[2][4]

Apocordulia Watson, 1980
Archaeophya Fraser, 1959
Archaeosynthemis Carle, 1995
Austrocordulia Tillyard, 1909
Austrophya Tillyard, 1909
Austrosynthemis Carle, 1995
Choristhemis Tillyard, 1910
Cordulephya Selys, 1870
Eusynthemis Förster, 1903
Gomphomacromia Brauer, 1864
Hesperocordulia Tillyard, 1911
Idionyx Hagen, 1867
Idomacromia Karsch, 1896
Lathrocordulia Tillyard, 1911
Lauromacromia Geijskes, 1970
Macromidia Martin, 1907
Micromidia Fraser, 1959
Neocordulia Selys, 1882
Neophya Selys, 1881
Nesocordulia McLachlan, 1882
Oxygastra Selys, 1870
Pseudocordulia Tillyard, 1909
Syncordulia Selys, 1882
Parasynthemis Carle, 1995
Synthemiopsis Tillyard, 1917
Synthemis Selys, 1870
Tonyosynthemis Theischinger, 1998

See also

List of dragonflies (Synthemistidae)
List of Odonata species of Australia


Dijkstra, K.D.B.; et al. (2013). "The classification and diversity of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata). In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013)". Zootaxa. 3703 (1): 36–45. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3703.1.9. hdl:10072/61365.
"Family Synthemistidae". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
"Synthemistidae - Tigertail Dragonflies". Brisbane Insects and Spiders. May 2013.

Dennis Paulson; Martin Schorr; Cyrille Deliry. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 15 Feb 2022.

Synthemidae - What is a(n) Synthemidae -

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