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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Salticoidea

Familia: Salticidae
Subfamilia: Agoriinae
Tribus: Dioleniini
Genus: Ohilimia
Species: O. albomaculata – O. laensis – O. scutellata

Ohilimia Strand, 1911

Type species: Ohilimia gracilipes Embrik Strand, 1911 [=Ohilimia albomaculata (Thorell, 1881)]

Strand. E. 1911: Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. 34: 127–199.

Additional references

Gardzińska, J. 2006. A revision of the spider genus Ohilimia Strand, 1911 (Araneae: Salticidae). Annels Zoologici, Warszawa 56: 375–385. PDF
Gardzińska, J. & Patoleta, B.M. 2010. A new species of Ohilimia Strand, 1911 from New Guinea (Araneae: Salticidae). Genus 21(4): 625-629. full article (PDF). Reference page.


Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Ohilimia is a spider genus of the jumping spider family, Salticidae.[1]

Ohilimia albomaculata reaches a body length of 7 to 8 mm, while O. scutellata is 5 to 7 mm long. The cephalothorax of O. albomaculata is densely covered with short hairs, O. scutellata is only sparsely covered. The sexes are similar, with males having distinctive shiny scuta. The first, elongated pair of legs is held in a mantis-like manner. It seems that Ohilimia mimic flies in reverse: their first legs are held like the wings of a fly, and they move backwards.[2]

Ohilimia is probably closely related to Diolenius and Chalcolecta, which also have elongated front legs.

Ohilimia only occurs in rainforests of the northeastern Cape York Peninsula of Australia, New Guinea and the Moluccas islands Ternate and Kai. The current distribution seems to be due to past land bridges.

As of April 2017, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following species:[1]

Ohilimia albomaculata (Thorell, 1881) – Moluccas; Bird's Head Peninsula, New Guinea
Ohilimia laensis Gardzińska & Patoleta, 2010 – New Guinea
Ohilimia scutellata (Kritscher, 1959) – Western and Central Provinces of Papua New Guinea; Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, Australia


"Gen. Ohilimia Strand, 1911". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2017-04-08.

Davies & Żabka 1989


Thorell, T. (1881): Studi sui Ragni Malesi e Papuani. III. Ragni dell'Austro Malesia e del Capo York, conservati nel Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova. Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Genova 17: 1-727.
Strand, E. (1911): Araneae von den Aru- und Kei-Inseln. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. 34: 127-199.
Kritscher, E. (1959): Die Arten der Gattung Discocnemius Thorell, 1881 (Aran., Salticidae). Doriana 3(101): 1-9.
Davies, T.V. & Żabka, M. (1989): Illustrated keys to the genera of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) in Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27(2): 189-266.
Gardzińska, J. (2006): A revision of the spider genus Ohilimia Strand, 1911 (Araneae: Salticidae). Annls zool. Warsz. 56: 375-385. PDF (with key to Ohilimia and related genera)

External links

Photographs of O. scutellata


Biology Encyclopedia

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