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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Araneoidea

Familia: Theridiidae
Subfamilia: Pholcommatinae
Genus: Pholcomma
Species: P. antipodianum – P. barnesi – P. carota – P. gibbum – P. hirsutum – P. mantinum – P. micropunctatum – P. soloa – P. tokyoense – P. turbotti – P. yunnanense – ?P. hickmani

Pholcomma Thorell, 1869

Type species: Pholcomma gibbum (Westring, 1851)

Ancylorrhanis Simon, 1894
Armigera Marples, 1956 [syn. Levi & Levi (1962: 17)]

Type species: Armigera turbotti Marples, 1956, by monotypy.

Marples, B.J. 1956: Spiders from the Three Kings Islands. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum, 4: 329–342.
Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Pholcomma is a genus of comb-footed spiders that was first described by Tamerlan Thorell in 1869.[3]

As of May 2020 it contains eleven species, found worldwide:[1]

Pholcomma antipodianum (Forster, 1955) – New Zealand (Antipodes Is.)
Pholcomma barnesi Levi, 1957 – USA
Pholcomma carota Levi, 1957 – USA
Pholcomma gibbum (Westring, 1851) (type) – Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran?
Pholcomma hickmani Forster, 1964 – New Zealand (Campbell Is.)
Pholcomma hirsutum Emerton, 1882 – USA, Canada
Pholcomma mantinum Levi, 1964 – Brazil
Pholcomma micropunctatum (Mello-Leitão, 1941) – Argentina
Pholcomma soloa (Marples, 1955) – Samoa, Niue
Pholcomma tokyoense Ono, 2007 – Japan
Pholcomma turbotti (Marples, 1956) – New Zealand

Formerly included:

P. amamiense Yoshida, 1985 (Transferred to Phycosoma)
P. japonicum Yoshida, 1985 (Transferred to Phycosoma)
P. nigromaculatum Yoshida, 1987 (Transferred to Phycosoma)
P. yunnanense Song & Zhu, 1994 (Transferred to Trogloneta)

See also

List of Theridiidae species


Gloor, Daniel; Nentwig, Wolfgang; Blick, Theo; Kropf, Christian (2020). "Gen. Pholcomma Thorell, 1869". World Spider Catalog Version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern. doi:10.24436/2. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
Levi, H. W.; Levi, L. R. (1962). "The genera of the spider family Theridiidae". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 127: 16.

Thorell, T. (1869). "On European spiders. Part I. Review of the European genera of spiders, preceded by some observations on zoological nomenclature". Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis. 7 (3): 1–108.

Further reading
Levi, H. W. (1957). "The North American spider genera Paratheridula, Tekellina, Pholcomma and Archerius (Araneae: Theridiidae)". Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 76 (2): 105–115. doi:10.2307/3223625. JSTOR 3223625.
Levi, H. W.; Levi, L. R. (1962). "The genera of the spider family Theridiidae". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 127: 1–71.
Levi, H. W. (1964). "The American spiders of the genera Styposis and Pholcomma (Araneae, Theridiidae)". Psyche: A Journal of Entomology. 71: 32–39. doi:10.1155/1964/91242.
Marples, B. J. (1956). "Spiders from the Three Kings Islands". Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum. 4: 329–342.
Simon, E (1894). Histoire naturelle des araignées (in French). Paris: Roret. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51973.


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