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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Lycosoidea

Familia: Stiphidiidae
Subfamiliae (3): Borralinae - Stiphidiinae - Kababininae
Overview of genera (22)

Asmea – Baiami – Barahna – Borrala – Cambridgea – Corasoides – Couranga – Elleguna – Ischalea – Jamberoo – Karriella – Nanocambridgea – Pillara – Procambridgea – Stiphidion – Tartarus – Therlinya – Tjurunga – ?Carbinea – ?Kababina – ?Malarina – ?Wabua

Stiphidiidae Dalmas, 1917


Gray, M.R.; Smith, H.M. 2008: A new subfamily of spiders with grate-shaped tapeta from Australia and Papua New Guinea (Araneae: Stiphidiidae: Borralinae). Records of the Australian Museum 60(1): 13–44. DOI: 10.3853/j.0067-1975.60.2008.1493 Open access. Reference page.


The World Spider Catalog, Version 15.5

Vernacular names
中文: 斯蒂蛛科

Stiphidiidae, also called sheetweb spiders, is a family of araneomorph spiders first described in 1917.[1] Most species are medium size (Stiphidion facetum is about 8 millimetres (0.31 in) long) and speckled brown with long legs. All members of this family occur in New Zealand and Australia except for Asmea.[2] They build a horizontal sheet-like web under rocks, hence the name "sheetweb spiders".

The largest of New Zealand's species is Cambridgea foliata, with a body length up to 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) and a span of up to 15 centimetres (5.9 in). Hikers and trampers often find their sheet-like webs that can be up to 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) across, but the spider itself is nocturnal, spending the day time inside its web tunnel.[3] It can also be found in gardens and males may enter human homes. Their large size, including mouth parts up to 1 centimetre (0.39 in) long, may be intimidating, but it is considered harmless to humans and bites are extremely rare.
Main article: List of Stiphidiidae species

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[2]
Tartarus mullamullangensis and sheet web
Cambridgea foliata

Aorangia Forster & Wilton, 1973 — New Zealand
Asmea Gray & Smith, 2008 — Papua New Guinea
Borrala Gray & Smith, 2004 — Australia
Carbinea Davies, 1999 — Australia
Couranga Gray & Smith, 2008 — Australia
Elleguna Gray & Smith, 2008 — Australia
Jamberoo Gray & Smith, 2008 — Australia
Kababina Davies, 1995 — Australia
Karriella Gray & Smith, 2008 — Australia
Malarina Davies & Lambkin, 2000 — Australia
Marplesia Lehtinen, 1967 — New Zealand
Neolana Forster & Wilton, 1973 — New Zealand
Neoramia Forster & Wilton, 1973 — New Zealand
Pillara Gray & Smith, 2004 — Australia
Procambridgea Forster & Wilton, 1973 — Australia, New Zealand
Stiphidion Simon, 1902 — Australia, New Zealand
Tartarus Gray, 1973 — Australia
Therlinya Gray & Smith, 2002 — Australia
Tjurunga Lehtinen, 1967 — Australia
Wabua Davies, 2000 — Australia

See also

List of Stiphidiidae species


Dalmas, R. de (1917). "Araignées de Nouvelle-Zélande". Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 86: 317–430.
"Family: Stiphidiidae Dalmas, 1917". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-24.

"SHEETWEB SPIDER". Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research. Retrieved 2019-04-24.

External links

Picture of Cambridgea foliata
Pictures of Stiphidium facetum and its web
Gray, M. R. & H. M. Smith (2002). Therlinya, a new genus of spiders from eastern Australia (Araneae: Amaurobioidea). Rec. austral. Mus. 54: 293–312.PDF


Biology Encyclopedia

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