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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Haplogynae
Superfamilia: Leptonetoidea

Familia: Telemidae
Genera: Apneumonella – Burmalema – CangodercesGuhuaJocquellaKinkuMekonglema – Milema – PinelemaSeychelliaSiamlemaSundalemaTelemaTelemofilaUsofilaZhuanlema

Telemidae Fage, 1913

Primary references

Fage, J.L. 1913. Biospelogica XXIX. Études sur les araignées cavernicoles II. Revision des Leptonetidae. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 5 10(9): 479-576. Reference page.

Additional references

Dupérré, N. & Tapia, E. 2015. Discovery of the first telemid spider (Araneae, Telemidae) from South America, and the first member of the family bearing a stridulatory organ. Zootaxa 4020(1): 191–196. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4020.1.9. Preview (PDF) Reference page.
Lin, Y.J. Zhao, H.F., Koh. J.K.H. & Li, S.Q. 2022a. Taxonomy notes on twenty-eight spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) from Asia. Zoological Systematics 47(3): 198–270. DOI: 10.11865/zs.2022303. Paywall. Reference page.
Song, Y., Zhao, H-F., Luo, Y-F., Kioko, G.M., Kioko, E.N. & Li, S-Q. 2017. The first record of Telemidae from Kenya, with the description of two new species (Arachnida, Araneae). ZooKeys 725: 1–15. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.725.15059. Reference page.
Wang, C-X. & Li, S.-Q. 2012. Description of Pinelema bailongensis gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Araneae, Telemidae) from Guangxi, China. Acta zootaxonomica sinica 37(1): 76–83. Reference page.
Zhao, H.F., Li, S.Q. & Zhang, A.B. 2020. Taxonomic revision of Telemidae (Arachnida, Araneae) from East and Southeast Asia. ZooKeys 933: 15–93. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.933.38653. Open access. Reference page.



Vernacular names
English: long-legged cave spiders
日本語: ヤギヌマグモ科
中文: 泰莱蛛科

Telemidae, also known as long-legged cave spiders, is a family of small haplogyne spiders. Most are cave dwelling spiders with six eyes, though some do not have any eyes at all. There are about 104 described species in sixteen genera.[1]
Physical features

The legs are long, thin, relatively spineless, and do not have trichobothria. They have three pairs of spinnerets, the longest of which is toward the head. Instead of book lungs, they have two pairs of tracheal spiracles. The elongate abdomen bears a hardened ridge above the pedicel running in a zigzag pattern that is more clearly defined in males than females. The pedipalp on males is oval and bag-like with a thin spermatophore. The female pedipalp does not have a claw.[2]
Main article: List of Telemidae species

As of July 2022, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[1]

Apneumonella Fage, 1921 — Asia, Africa
Burmalema Zhao & Li, 2022 — Myanmar
Cangoderces Harington, 1951 — Cameroon, Ivory Coast, South Africa, DR Congo
Guhua Zhao & Li, 2017 — Kenya
Jocquella Baert, 1980 — Papua New Guinea
Kinku Dupérré & Tapia, 2015 — Ecuador
Mekonglema Zhao & Li, 2020 — China, Thailand, Laos
Microlema Zhao & Li, 2022 — Thailand, Vietnam
Pinelema Wang & Li, 2012 — China, Vietnam
Seychellia Saaristo, 1978 — Africa
Siamlema Zhao & Li, 2020 — Thailand
Sundalema Zhao & Li, 2020 — Thailand, Indonesia
Telema Simon, 1882 — Asia, Guatemala, Europe
Telemofila Wunderlich, 1995 — Singapore, Malaysia, New Caledonia, Indonesia
Usofila Keyserling, 1891 — United States
Zhuanlema Zhao & Li, 2020 — Laos

See also

List of Telemidae species


"Family: Telemidae Fage, 1913". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 28 July 2022.

Song, D.X.; Zhu, M.S. & Chen, J. (1999), The Spiders of China, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Publishing House, Shijiazhuang

Platnick, N.I. (1986). On the tibial and patellar glands, relationships, and American genera of the spider family Leptonetidae (Arachnida, Araneae). American Museum Novitates 2855. PDF Abstract (with info on Telemidae)


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