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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Lycosoidea

Familia: Trechaleidae
Genera: Amapalea - Barrisca - Caricelea – Demelodos - Dossenus - Dyrines - Enna - Heidrunea - Hesydrus - Magnichela - Neoctenus - Paradossenus - Paratrechalea - Rhoicinus - Shinobius - Syntrechalea - Trechalea - Trechaleoides

Trechaleidae Simon, 1890

Carico, J.E.; Cruz da Silva, E.L. 2010: Taxonomic review of the Neotropical spider genus Paradossenus (Araneae: Lycosoidea: Trechaleidae: Trechaleinae) with a new erection of the subfamily Trechaleinae and a key to included genera. Journal of arachnology, 38(2): 212–236. DOI: 10.1636/A09-22.1
Carico, J.E.; Cruz da Silva, E.L. 2010: On the taxonomy of Trechaleidae (Araneae: Lycosoidea) from South America. Journal of arachnology, 38(2): 357–359. DOI: 10.1636/A09-2324.1
Cruz da Silva, E.L.; Lise, A.A. 2010: Synonyms and one new record in the spider family Trechaleidae (Araneae: Lycosoidea). Zootaxa, 2723: 66–68. Preview
Cruz da Silva, E.L.; Lise, A.A.; Carico, J.E. 2008: Revision of the Neotropical spider genus Enna (Araneae, Lycosoidea, Trechaleidae). Journal of arachnology, 36(1): 76–110. DOI: 10.1636/H07-21.1 PDF

Vernacular names
中文: 行蛛科

Trechaleidae (tre-kah-LEE-ih-dee) is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1890,[2] and includes about 140 described species in 16 genera.[1] They all live in Central and South America except for Shinobius orientalis, which is endemic to Japan.[3] Other names for the family are longlegged water spiders and fishing spiders.[4]
Main article: List of Trechaleidae species

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[1]

Amapalea Silva & Lise, 2006 – Brazil
Barrisca Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 – South America, Panama
Caricelea Silva & Lise, 2007 – Peru
Cupiennius Simon, 1891 – Mexico to northwestern South America
Dossenus Simon, 1898 – Trinidad, South America
Dyrines Simon, 1903 – South America, Panama
Enna O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897 – South America, Central America, Mexico
Heidrunea Brescovit & Höfer, 1994 – Brazil
Hesydrus Simon, 1898 – South America, Central America
Neoctenus Simon, 1897 – Brazil, Guyana, Peru
Paradossenus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1903 – South America, Nicaragua
Paratrechalea Carico, 2005 – Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay
Rhoicinus Simon, 1898 – South America
Shinobius Yaginuma, 1991 – Japan
Syntrechalea F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1902 – South America, Mexico
Trechalea Thorell, 1869 – Trinidad, South America, North America, Central America
Trechaleoides Carico, 2005 – South America

See also

List of Trechaleidae species


"Family: Trechaleidae Simon, 1890". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
Simon, E. (1890). Etudes arachnologiques.
Yaginuma, T. (1991). "A new genus, Shinobius, of the Japanese pisaurid spider (Araneae: Pisauridae)". Acta Arachnologica. 40: 1–6. doi:10.2476/asjaa.40.1.

"Family Trechaleidae". Retrieved 2022-05-26.

Further reading

Höfer, H. & A. D. Brescovit. On the spider genus Rhoicinus (Araneae, Trechaleidae) in a central Amazonian inundation forest. J. Arachnol. 22: 54-59. PDF
Carico, J. E. (1993b). Revision of the genus Trechalea Thorell (Araneae, Trechaleidae) with a review of the taxonomy of the Trechaleidae and Pisauridae of the Western Hemisphere. J. Arachnol. 21: 226-257. PDF


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