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Amphispiza bilineata

Amphispiza bilineata (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Passerellidae
Genus: Amphispiza
Species: Amphispiza bilineata
Subspecies: A. b. bangsi – A. b. belvederei – A. b. bilineata – A. b. cana – A. b. deserticola – A. b. grisea – A. b. opuntia – A. b. pacifica – A. b. tortugae

Amphispiza bilineata (Cassin, 1850)

Emberiza bilineata (protonym)
Aimophila bilineata (Cassin, 1850)

Primary references

Cassin, J. 1850. Description of new species of Birds of the Genera Parus, Linn.; Emberiza, Linn.; Carduelis, Briss.; Myiothera, Ill.; and Leuconerpes, Sw., specimens of which are in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 5: 103–106 BHL Reference page. p.103 BHL pl. 3 BHL.

Additional references

Klicka, J., & Banks, R. C. 2011. A generic name for some sparrows (Aves: Emberizidae). Zootaxa 2793: 67–68. Full article (PDF)Reference page.
Klicka, J., Barker, F.K., Burns, K.J., Lanyon, S.M., Lovette, I.J. & Chaves, J.A. 2014. A comprehensive multilocus assessment of sparrow (Aves: Passerellidae) relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 177-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.04.025Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Black-throated Sparrow
Esperanto: Strigorĝa amfispizo
español: Chingolo gorjinegro
français: Bruant à gorge noire
magyar: Feketetorkú sármány
日本語: ノドグロヒメドリ
Diné bizaad: Yaayááhalzhiin
svenska: Svartstrupig sparv

The black-throated sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata) is a small New World sparrow primarily found in the southwestern United States and Mexico. It is the only member of the genus Amphispiza; the five-striped sparrow, formerly also classified in Amphispiza, is now thought to be in the monotypic genus Amphispizopsis.[2]

It is sometimes referred to as the desert sparrow, due to its preferred habitat of arid desert hillsides and scrub. This name usually refers to the desert sparrow of Africa and Asia.


Length: 4.7–5.5 in (12–14 cm)
Weight: 0.4–0.5 oz (11–14 g)
Wingspan: 7.7 inches (20 cm)

The black-throated sparrow is pale gray above, with a distinctive black and white head pattern. Immature birds are similar but lack a black throat. Its call is high and bell-like, and its song is a fairly simple, mechanical tinkling. It feeds primarily on insects and seeds, and travels in small groups, though larger groups may accumulate around sources of water in the desert.

It has a loose nest of grass twigs and plant fibers carefully hidden in brush 6–18 inches (15–46 cm) above the ground. Three or four white or pale blue eggs are laid.

BirdLife International (2018). "Amphispiza bilineata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22721194A132008021. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22721194A132008021.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
"Taxonomic Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 14 July 2021.

"Black-throated Sparrow Identification, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology". Retrieved 29 September 2020.

David Allen Sibley, The Sibley Field Guide to Birds of Western North America. ISBN 0-679-45121-8

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