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Andigena nigrirostris

Andigena nigrirostris

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Piciformes

Familia: Ramphastidae
Genus: Andigena
Species: Andigena nigrirostris
Subspecies A. n. nigrirostris - A. n. occidentalis - A. n. spilorhynchus

Andigena nigrirostris (Waterhouse, 1839)

Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Pt7 no.79 p. 111
Catálogo electrónico de los organismos presentes en Colombia

Vernacular names
English: Black-billed Mountain-toucan
magyar: Feketecsőrű hegyitukán

The black-billed mountain toucan (Andigena nigrirostris) is a species of bird in the family Ramphastidae. It is found in humid highland forests in the Andes of western Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and far northern Peru. It is the only mountain-toucan with a white throat. Despite its name, only the nominate subspecies has an entirely black bill, while both A. n. occidentalis and A. n. spilorhyncha have bills that are coloured chestnut and black.

Taxonomy and systematics

This species was originally described in the genus Pteroglossus.

Three subspecies are recognized:[2]

A. n. occidentalis - Chapman, 1915: Found in western Colombia
A. n. spilorhynchus - Gould, 1858: Originally described as a separate species. Found in southern Colombia, north-eastern Ecuador and northern Peru
A. n. nigrirostris - (Waterhouse, 1839): Found in eastern Colombia, western Venezuela and eastern Ecuador


John Gould and Henry Constantine Richter: A Monograph of the Ramphastidae, or Family of Toucans, London 1854
Newly printed with an Introduction by Jonathan Elphick, Taschen, Köln, Germany 2011 ISBN 978-3-8365-0524-6

Feeding on fruits in Colombia

BirdLife International (2018). "Andigena nigrirostris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22682066A130076475. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22682066A130076475.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
"IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/

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