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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Anisognathus
Species: A. igniventris - A. lacrymosus - A. melanogenys - A. notabilis - A. somptuosus


Anisognathus Reichenbach, 1850

Typus: Aglaia igniventris d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 = Anisognathus igniventris


Poecilothraupis Cabanis, 1850 Mus.Hein. p.30
Compsocoma Cabanis, 1851 Mus.Hein. p.140


Reichenbach, H.G.L. 1850. Avium Systema Naturale. Die vollständigste Naturgeschichte der Vögel. Pl. I–C [1–100]. Natatores: 1–10; Grallatores: 11–18; Rasores: 19–32; Investigatores: 33–51; Trepidatores: 52–70; Enucleatores: 74–86; Raptatores: 87–100. Dresden und Leipzig: Expedition Vollständigsten Naturgeschichte. Leipzig: Friedrich Hofmeister DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.102901 BHL Reference page. Illustration pl.77 BHL

Vernacular names
English: Mountain Tanager
suomi: Hedelmätangarat
русский: Горные танагры

Anisognathus is a genus of boldly colored tanagers found in the highland forests and woodlands of South America.
Taxonomy and species list

The genus Anisognathus was introduced in 1850 by the German naturalist Ludwig Reichenbach.[1] The type species was subsequently designated as the scarlet-bellied mountain tanager by the French naturalist Charles Lucien Bonaparte.[2][3] The genus name combines the Ancient Greek anisos meaning "unequal" and gnathos meaning "lower jaw".[4] Five species are placed in this genus.[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Anisognathus melanogenys - Black-cheeked Mountain-Tanager.jpg Anisognathus melanogenys Santa Marta mountain tanager Santa Marta Mountains in Colombia
Anisognathus lacrymosus - Tangara lacrimosa - Lachrymose Mountain-Tanager (8729291521).jpg Anisognathus lacrymosus Lacrimose mountain tanager Venezuela, through Colombia and Ecuador, to Peru.
Anisognathus igniventris by Francesco Veronesi.jpg Anisognathus igniventris Scarlet-bellied mountain tanager Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
Blue-winged Mountain-tanager Ecuador 1357a.jpg Anisognathus somptuosus Blue-winged mountain tanager Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela and Brazil
Anisognathus notabilis -Ecuador-8.jpg Anisognathus notabilis Black-chinned mountain tanager Colombia and Ecuador


Reichenbach, Ludwig (1850). Avium Systema Naturale (in German). Dresden and Leipzig: Friedrich Hofmeister. Plate LXXVII. For the publication date see: Dickinson, E.C.; Overstreet, L.K.; Dowsett, R.J.; Bruce, M.D. (2011). Priority! The Dating of Scientific Names in Ornithology: a Directory to the literature and its reviewers. Northampton, UK: Aves Press. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-9568611-1-5.
Bonaparte, Charles Lucien (1851). "Note sur les Tangaras, leurs affinités, et descriptions d'espèces nouvelles". Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliquée. 2nd series (in French). 3: 129–145, 168–179 [172].
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 331.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 48. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 3 November 2020.

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