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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Certhioidea

‎Infraclassis: Aves
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Certhioidea
Familiae: Certhiidae – Polioptilidae – Sittidae – Tichodromidae – Troglodytidae
Genera incertae sedis: †Certhiops – †Kischinskinia


Manegold, A. (2008). Earliest fossil record of the Certhioidea (treecreepers and allies) from the early Miocene of Germany. Journal of Ornithology 149: 223–228.

Vernacular names
English: Treecreepers and allies
中文: 旋木雀总科

Certhioidea is a superfamily belonging to the infraorder Passerida containing wrens and their allies. It was proposed in 2004 by Cracraft and colleagues to house a clade of four families that were removed from the superfamily Sylvioidea.[1][2]

In 2019 Carl Oliveros and colleagues published a large molecular phylogenetic study of the passerines that included species from each of the five families that make up the superfamily Certhioidea.[3] The spotted creepers (genus Salpornis) are here included in the family Certhiidae. Edward Dickinson and Leslie Christidis in the fourth edition of the Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World placed them in their own family Salpornithidae.[4]


Tichodromidae – wallcreeper

Sittidae – nuthatches

Certhiidae – treecreepers

Polioptilidae – gnatcatchers

Troglodytidae – wrens


Cracraft, J.; Barker, F.K.; Braun, M.; Harshman, J.; Dyke, G.J.; Feinstein, J.; Stanley, S.; Cibois, A.; Schikler, P; Beresford, P.; García-Moreno, J.; Sorenson, M.P.; Yuri, T.; Mindell, D.P. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among modern birds (Neornithes)". In Cracraft, J.; Donoghue, M.J. (eds.). Assembling the Tree of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-517234-8.
Oliveros, C.H.; et al. (2019). "Earth history and the passerine superradiation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. 116 (16): 7916–7925. doi:10.1073/pnas.1813206116. PMC 6475423. PMID 30936315.
Dickinson, E.C.; Christidis, L., eds. (2014). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2: Passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-9568611-2-2.

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