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Circus macrourus (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Accipitriformes

Familia: Accipitridae
Subfamilia: Circinae
Genus: Circus
Species: Circus macrourus

Circus macrourus (S.G. Gmelin, 1770)

Falco macrourus (proton.)


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Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Witborspaddavreter
العربية: المرزة الباهتة
azərbaycanca: Çöl belibağlısı
беларуская: Стэпавы лунь
български: Степен блатар
brezhoneg: Skoul gwenn
català: Arpella russa
čeština: Moták stepní
Cymraeg: Boda gwelw
dansk: Steppehøg
Deutsch: Steppenweihe
Ελληνικά: Ασπροσιάχινο
English: Pallid Harrier
Esperanto: Stepcirkuo
español: Aguilucho Papialbo
eesti: Stepi-loorkull
euskara: Mirotz lepazuria
suomi: arosuohaukka
føroyskt: Heiðaheykur
français: Busard pâle
galego: Tartaraña de papo branco
עברית: זרון שדות
hrvatski: Stepska Eja
magyar: Fakó rétihéja
հայերեն: Մկնաճուռյակ տափաստանային
íslenska: Fölheiðir
italiano: Albanella pallida
日本語: ウスハイイロチュウヒ
ქართული: მდელოს ძელქორი
қазақша: Дала құладыны
lietuvių: Stepinė lingė
latviešu: Stepes lija
македонски: Степска еја
മലയാളം: മേടുതപ്പി
монгол: Хээрийн цагаан элэгт
Malti: Bugħadam Abjad
Nederlands: Steppekiekendief
norsk: Steppehauk
polski: Błotniak stepowy
português: Tartaranhão-de-peito-branco
rumantsch: Melv sblatg
română: Erete alb
русский: Степной лунь
slovenčina: Kaňa stepná
slovenščina: Stepni lunj
shqip: Shqipja e stepave
српски / srpski: Stepska eja / Степска eja
Sesotho: Seitlhoaeleli
svenska: Stäpphök
Kiswahili: Kipondya Kijivu
தமிழ்: Poonai Parundhu
ไทย: เหยี่ยวทุ่งสีจาง
Türkçe: Bozkır tuygunu
Xitsonga: Nghotsana
українська: Лунь степовий
Tiếng Việt: Diều bụng trắng
isiXhosa: Ulubisi
中文: 草原鹞

The pale or pallid harrier (Circus macrourus) is a migratory bird of prey of the harrier subfamily. The scientific name is derived from the Ancient Greek. Circus is from kirkos, referring to a bird of prey named for its circling flight (kirkos, "circle"), probably the hen harrier and macrourus is "long-tailed", from makros, "long" and -ouros "-tailed".[2]

It breeds in southern parts of eastern Europe and central Asia and Iran and winters mainly in India and southeast Asia. It is a very rare vagrant to Great Britain and western Europe, although remarkably a juvenile wintered in Norfolk in the winter of 2002/2003. In 2017 a pair of pallid harriers nested in a barley field in the Netherlands; they raised four chicks.[3]

This medium-sized raptor breeds on open plains, bogs and heathland. In winter it is a bird of open country.

Pallid harrier in Little Rann of Kutch

This is a typical harrier, with long wings held in a shallow V in its low flight. It also resembles other harriers in having distinct male and female plumages. Adults measure 40–48 cm (16–19 in) long with a wingspan of 95–120 cm (37–47 in). Males weigh 315 g (11.1 oz) while the slightly larger females weigh 445 g (15.7 oz). The male is whitish grey above and white below, with narrow black wingtips. It differs from the hen harrier in its smaller size, narrower wings, paler colour, and different wing tip pattern. The female is brown above with white upper tail coverts, hence females and the similar juveniles are often called "ringtails". Her underparts are buff streaked with brown. It is best distinguished from the female hen harrier on structure. It is very similar to the female Montagu's harrier, but has darker and more uniform secondaries from below.
Behaviour and ecology

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Pallid harriers hunt small mammals, lizards and birds, surprising them as they drift low over fields and moors. The nest of this species is on the ground. Four to six whitish eggs are laid.

BirdLife International (2018). "Circus macrourus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22695396A132304131. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 109, 236. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

The pallid harrier, a new breeding species for the Netherlands

Further reading
Forsman, Dick (1995). "Field identification of female and juvenile Montagu's and Pallid Harriers" (PDF). Dutch Birding. 17 (2): 41–54.

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