- Art Gallery -

Ensifera ensifera

Ensifera ensifera, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Trochiliformes
Familia: Trochilidae
Subfamilia: Trochilinae
Genus: Ensifera
Species: Ensifera ensifera


Ensifera ensifera, (Boissonneau, 1839)


Rev.Zool. 2(1839) p.354

Vernacular names
Català: Colibrí bec d'espasa
Deutsch: Schwertschnabelkolibri
English: Sword-billed Hummingbird
Français: Colibri porte-épée
Magyar: Szuronyos kolibri
Nederlands: Zwaardkolibrie
Polski: Mieczodziobek


Sword-billed Hummingbird (Ensifera ensifera) is a species of hummingbird from South America and the sole member of the genus Ensifera. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.

It is noted as the only species of bird to have a bill longer than the rest of its body. This adaptation is to feed on flowers with long corollas such as Passiflora mixta. The tongue is therefore also unusually long.

Since the Sword-billed Hummingbird's beak is very long, it grooms itself with its feet.[1] The total length can be 15 cm (6 in) and the bird can weigh 12 grams, making it one of the largest hummingbirds.

1. ^ Clayton, Dale H; Cotgreave, Peter (1994). "Relationship of bill morphology to grooming behaviour in birds" (PDF). Animal Behaviour 47 (1): 195–201. doi:10.1006/anbe.1994.1022. http://darwin.biology.utah.edu/PubsHTML/PDF-Files/21.pdf.

Biology Encyclopedia

Birds, Fine Art Prints

Birds Images

Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License