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Lophophanes cristatus

Lophophanes cristatus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea
Familia: Paridae
Genus: Lophophanes
Species: Lophophanes cristatus
Subspecies: L. c. abadiei - L. c. bashkirikus - L. c. bureschi - L. c. cristatus - L. c. mitratus - L. c. scoticus - L. c. weigoldi


Lophophanes cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758)


* Parus cristatus


* Systema Naturae ed.10 p.189
* Lophophanes cristatus Report on ITIS
* worldtwitcher Lophophanes cristatus

Vernacular names
Česky: Sýkora parukářka
Deutsch: Haubenmeise
Ελληνικά: Λοφιοπαπαδίτσα
English: European Crested Tit
Español: Herrerillo capuchino
Հայերեն: Երաշտահավ փուփուլավոր
中文: 冠山雀


The Crested Tit, Lophophanes cristatus (formerly Parus cristatus), is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common resident breeder in coniferous forests throughout central and northern Europe and in deciduous woodland in France and the Iberian peninsula. In Great Britain, it is chiefly restricted to the ancient pinewoods of Inverness and Strathspey in Scotland, and seldom strays far from its haunts. A few vagrant Crested Tits have been seen in England. It is resident, and most individuals do not migrate.

It is an easy tit to recognise, for besides its erectile crest, the tip of which is often recurved, its gorget and collar are distinctive. It is, like other tits, talkative, and birds keep up a constant zee, zee, zee About this sound Birdsong (help·info), similar to that of the Coal Tit .

It makes a nest in a hole in rotting stumps. This bird often feeds low down in trees, but although not shy, it is not always easily approached. It will join winter tit flocks with other species.

Like other tits, it feeds on insects, including caterpillars, seeds.

This species was formerly placed in Parus, but distinctness of Lophophanes is well-supported,[2] and now recognised by the American Ornithologists' Union and the British Ornithologists' Union as a distinct genus.


1. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Parus cristatus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006.
2. ^ Gill, Frank B.; Slikas, Beth & Sheldon, Frederick H. (2005): Phylogeny of titmice (Paridae): II. Species relationships based on sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene. Auk 122: 121-143. DOI: 10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0121:POTPIS]2.0.CO;2

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