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Macheiramphus alcinus

Macheiramphus alcinus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Falconiformes
Familia: Accipitridae
Subfamilia: Perninae
Genus: Macheiramphus
Species: Macheiramphus alcinus
Subspecies: M. a. alcinus - M. a. anderssoni - M. a. papuanus


Macheiramphus alcinus Bonaparte, 1850


* Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliqué (2) 2 p.482

Vernacular names
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Lang Malam
English: Bat Hawk
Español: Milano murcielaguero
Suomi: Lepakkohaukka


The Bat Hawk (Macheiramphus alcinus) is a raptor found in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia to New Guinea. It is named for its diet, which consists mainly of bats. It requires open space in which to hunt, but will live anywhere from dense rainforest to semi-arid veld.

The Bat Hawk is a slender, medium-sized bird of prey, usually about 45 cm long. It has long wings and a falconine silhouette. Adults are dark brown or black, with a white patch on the throat and chest, and have a white streak above and below each eye. Juveniles are mottled brown and have more white plumage than adults.



Bats are the usual prey of the Bat Hawk, although they may eat small birds, such as swallows, swifts and nightjars, or even insects. They hunt by chasing their prey at high speeds in flight. About 49% of their hunts are successful [1]. Prey is swallowed whole in midair.

The Bat Hawk is crepuscular and hunts at dusk.


Courtship involves many aerial displays and stunts. The nest is built with sticks gathered in flight, and is about 90 cm across and 30 cm deep[2]. The female is solely responsible for incubating her clutch. The male often shares food with her. About a month after incubation begins, the eggs hatch, and both parents help to feed their young. 30-45 days after hatching, the young fledge. They leave the nest soon after.

Bat Hawks breed most years.


Due to its large range and relatively stable population, the Bat Hawk is of least concern[3].


1. ^ H. L. Black, G. Howard, R. Stjernstedt. (1979). Observations on the Feeding Behavior of the Bat Hawk. Biotropica, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 18-21
2. ^ The Hawk Conservancy Trust (1996-2007). Bat Hawk. Retrieved April 16, 2007, from http://www.hawk-conservancy.org/priors/bathawk.shtml
3. ^ IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2006). Macheiramphus alcinus. Retrieved April 16, 2007, from http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/49317/all

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Source: Wikispecies , Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License