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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Strigiformes

Familia: Strigidae
Subfamilia: Striginae
Genus: Otus
Species: Otus pauliani

Otus pauliani Benson, 1960

C. W. Benson (1960). The birds of the Comoro Islands: Results of the British Ornithologists' Union centenary expedition Ibis 103B:5-106. pdf
IUCN: Otus pauliani (Endangered)

Vernacular names
čeština: Výreček komorský
Deutsch: Komoren-Zwergohreule
English: Comoro Scops-owl
español: Autillo de las Comores
suomi: Karthalanpöllönen
français: Petit-duc du Karthala
magyar: Gran Comoro-i füleskuvik
Nederlands: Grande-Comoredwergooruil
svenska: Komordvärguv
中文: 科摩罗角鸮

The Karthala scops owl (Otus pauliani), also known as the Grand Comoro scops owl or Comoro scops owl, is a small, scops owl endemic to the island of Grande Comore in the Comoro Islands.


The Karthala scops owl lacks ear tufts and comes in two colour forms, a light morph and a dark morph. The light morph is dark greyish brown on the upperparts with fine barring and pale spots along the scapulars. The underparts are reddish buff with a dense pattern of fine barring on the flight feathers and tail. The dark morph is overall dark chocolate brown but no specimen of a dark morph individual has been taken. It measures approximately 20 cm (7.9 in) in length and the wingspan is 45 cm (18 in).[3]

A whistled "toot" which is given repeatedly with one second intervals.[4]
Distribution and habitat

Endemic to the island of Grande Comore, the Karthala scops owl is found only on Mount Karthala, an active volcano. Here it inhabits the montane forest, some secondary growth and the tree heath above the forest.[3]

Nocturnal and very territorial, the Karthala scops owl will approach an imitation of its call, otherwise almost unknown. It has relatively weak talons so probably feeds on insects and other invertebrates. It is thought to nest in tree cavities.[3]
Status and population

It has an estimated population of 2,000. It is classified as endangered due to it being restricted to such a small area, which is being rapidly deforested.[5]

The Karthala scops owl was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Madagascar scops owl Otus rutilus, but with the other Comoro Islands scops owls it is now regarded as a separate species.[6]

BirdLife International (2017). "Otus pauliani". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T22688694A118470970. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22688694A118470970.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
"Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
König, Claus; Weick, Friedhelm; Becking, Jan-Hendrick (1999). Owls A Guide to the Owls of the World. Pica Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-873403-74-7.
Kemp, Alan; Kemp, Meg (1998). SASOL Birds of Prey of Africa and its Islands. New Holland. pp. 320–321. ISBN 1-85974-100-2.
"Grand Comoro Scops-owl Otus pauliani". Birdlife International. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
"Comoro Scops-Owl Otus pauliani Benson, 1960". Avibase. Denis Lepage. Retrieved 30 October 2016.

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