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Phoenicurus auroreus

Phoenicurus auroreus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Muscicapoidea
Familia: Muscicapidae
Genus: Phoenicurus
Species: Phoenicurus auroreus
Subspecies: P. a. auroreus - P. a. leucopterus


Phoenicurus auroreus (Pallas, 1776)


* Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs 3 p.695

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Spiegelrotschwanz
English: Daurian Redstart
日本語: ジョウビタキ
Polski: Pleszka chińska


The Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus) is a small passerine bird from temperate Asia. In Japan, it is known as jōbitaki (ジョウビタキ).

Description and systematics

Like all typical redstarts, they are strongly sexually dimorphic. Breeding males have a grey crown and nape with lighter forehead and crown-sides, a black face and chin, brownish mantle and wings and a large white wing patch; the chest, lower back and rump are orange, and the tail is black with orange sides. Juvenile males are similarly patterned but much duller and less clearly marked.[1]
Females are warm brown above, paler below, have an orange rump and tail sides, and have a large white wing patch similar to the males. Bill, eye, legs and feet are black in both sexes.[1]

It was formerly classed as a member of the Thrush family (Turdidae), but is now generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher (Muscicapidae). This species is divided into two subspecies, the eastern P. a. auroreus and the western P. a. leucopterus.

It belongs to a close-knit Eurasian clade which also includes the Black Redstart (P. ochruros), Hodgson's Redstart (P. hodgsoni), the White-winged Redstart (P. erythrogastrus) – which may be especially closely related to P. auroreus –, and maybe the Ala Shan Redstart (P. alaschanicus). These all diverged during the latter part of the Late Pliocene and the earliest Early Pleistocene, some 3-1.5 million years ago, during onset of the Quaternary glaciation.[2]

Distribution and ecology

It is a fairly common bird in East Asia, ranging eastwards from Mongolia and the Himalayas. It is migratory; P. a. auroreus winters in Korea, Japan, southeast coastal China and Taiwan, and P. a. leucopterus in northern India and parts of Southeast Asia.[3]

Daurian Redstarts favour open forests, forest edges, agricultural margins, and are also commonly found in parks and urban gardens. They are reasonably confiding and often allow humans to approach quite closely before moving off. It breeds in the summer months, with a mated pair of the nominate subspecies having been encountered in early May.[4]

Widespread and rather common, this bird is not considered a threatened species by the IUCN.[5]


1. ^ a b Brazil (2008)
2. ^ Ertan (2006), Brazil (2008)
3. ^ BLI (2008), Brazil (2008)
4. ^ Bangs (1932), Brazil (2008)
5. ^ BLI (2008)


* Bangs, Outram (1932): Birds of western China obtained by the Kelley-Roosevelts expedition. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. 18(11): 343-379. Fulltext at the Internet Archive
* BirdLife International (BLI) (2008). Phoenicurus auroreus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 12 May 2009.
* Brazil, Mark (2009): The Birds of East Asia: China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Russia. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691139261
* Ertan, Kemal Topaç (2006): The evolutionary history of Eurasian redstarts, Phoenicurus. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(Supplement): 310–313. PDF fulltext

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Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License