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Pycnonotus sinensis (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea

Familia: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: Pycnonotus sinensis
Subspecies: P. s. formosae – P. s. hainanus – P. s. orii – P. s. sinensis

Pycnonotus sinensis (Gmelin, 1789)

Muscicapa sinensis (protonym)


Systema Naturae 1 (2): 942.

Vernacular names
العربية: بلبل صيني
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lū-bék
English: Light-vented Bulbul
español: Bulbul chino
suomi: Kiinanbulbuli
français: Bulbul de Chine
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pha̍k-thèu-kûng-é
magyar: Kerti bülbül
日本語: シロガシラ
polski: Bilbil chiński
svenska: Kinesisk bulbyl
Vahcuengh: Roeggyaeujhau
中文: 白頭翁

The light-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus sinensis), also called the Chinese bulbul, is a species of bird in the bulbul family found in central and southern China, Hong Kong, Macao, northern Vietnam, southern Japan and Taiwan, with occasional records from South Korea. A common species of songbird that favors lightly wooded habitats, it can frequently be seen in towns, suburbs and urban parks within its range.

Taxonomy and systematics

The light-vented bulbul was originally described in the genus Muscicapa.

Four subspecies are recognized:[2]

P. s. sinensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789) – Found in central and eastern China.
P. s. hainanus (Swinhoe, 1870) – Originally described as a separate species in the genus Ixos. Found in south-eastern China and northern Vietnam.
P. s. formosae Hartert, E, 1910 – Found on Taiwan.
P. s. orii Kuroda, 1923 – Found on Yonaguni, Okinawa, Iriomote and Ishigaki Islands (southern Ryukyu Islands).


The particular characteristic of the light-vented bulbul is the large white patch covering the nape and the sides of its black head. It also sings very brightly and variably with a cha-ko-lee...cha-ko-lee... sound. It has white plumage from its eyes to the back of its head. The chicks of the light-vented bulbul are always singing; they hop on tree branches, and do not fear humans.[original research?]
Distribution and habitat

In Hong Kong, the light-vented bulbul is abundant in lightly wooded areas, cultivated land and shrubland, whereas the red-whiskered bulbul is the common bulbul of suburbs and urban parks.[1]
Light-vented bulbul from Shanghai

In Taiwan, however, the light-vented bulbul dominates all of these habitats, though it is replaced along the east coast by Styan's bulbul. Chinese bulbuls are seen frequently in Shanghai, where it is perhaps the third most common bird after tree sparrows and pearl-necked doves.[3] The light-vented bulbul is also found on the Korean Peninsula and in Vietnam.

BirdLife International (2018). "Pycnonotus sinensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22712643A132100908. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22712643A132100908.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
"Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2017-03-12.
"上海鸟类中的"四大金刚",你都见过,却不一定认识哦". 19 April 2020.

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