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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea

Familia: Hirundinidae
Genus: Tachycineta
Species: T. albilinea - T. albiventer - T. bicolor - T. cyaneoviridis - T. euchrysea – T. leucopyga – T. leucorrhoaT. stolzmanni - T. thalassina


Tachycineta Cabanis, 1850

Hirundo thalassinus Swainson, 1827, = Tachycineta thalassina


Museum Heineanum 1: 48.
Mlíkovský, J., & Frahnert, S. 2009. Nomenclatural notes on Neotropical swallows of the genus Tachycineta Cabanis (Aves: Hirundinidae). Zootaxa 2209: 65–68. Abstract & excerpt

Vernacular names
العربية: سنونو زموع
فارسی: تندروپرها
suomi: Viherpääskyt
українська: Білозорка

Tachycineta is a genus of birds in the swallow family Hirundinidae. There are nine described species all restricted to the Americas.

These are slender swallows with forked tails. Most species have a metallic green back, green or blue head, and metallic blue or unglossed brown wings. All have pure white underparts, and four species have a white rump.

Most Tachycineta swallows are at least partially migratory, with only golden and mangrove swallow being essentially resident. All the species use natural or disused cavities for nest sites.

The genus Tachycineta was introduced by the German ornithologists Jean Cabanisin 1850 with the violet-green swallow (Tachycineta thalassina) as the type species.[1][2] The genus name is from Ancient Greek takhukinētos meaning "moving quickly".[3]

The genus contains nine species,[4] divided into two sub-clades that are associated with geography: a North American/Caribbean clade and a South/Central American clade. [5]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Tachycineta bicolor.jpg Tachycineta bicolor Tree swallow north-central Alaska and up to the tree line in Canada and as far south as Tennessee in the eastern part of its range, California and New Mexico in the west, and Kansas in the centre
Bahama Swallow.jpg Tachycineta cyaneoviridis Bahama swallow northern Bahamas: Andros, Grand Bahama, Abaco, and New Providence
Tachycineta thalassina -San Luis Obispo, California, USA -male-8.jpg Tachycineta thalassina Violet-green swallow central Alaska down to Mexico
Adult Hispaniolan Golden Swallow perched on artificial nest-box.jpg Tachycineta euchrysea Golden swallow Hispaniola and formerly Jamaica
Mangrove Swallow.jpg Tachycineta albilinea Mangrove swallow native to Mexico and all of Central America (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama)
Golondrina rabadilla blanca Tachycineta leucorrhoa Dario Niz.jpg Tachycineta leucorrhoa White-rumped swallow Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay
Andorinha-chilena (Tachycineta leucopyga).jpg Tachycineta leucopyga Chilean swallow Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Falkland Islands, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
Tachycineta stolzmanni Tumbes swallow northwestern Peru and far southwestern Ecuador.
White-winged Swallow 1052.jpg Tachycineta albiventer White-winged swallow tropical South America from Colombia, Venezuela, and Trinidad south to northern Argentina.


Cabanis, Jean (1850–1851). Museum Heineanum : Verzeichniss der ornithologischen Sammlung des Oberamtmann Ferdinand Heine, auf Gut St. Burchard vor Halberstadt (in German and Latin). Vol. 1. Halberstadt: R. Frantz. p. 48.
Mayr, Ernst; Greenway, James C. Jr, eds. (1960). Check-list of Birds of the World. Vol. 9. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 81.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 377. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Swallows". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
Cerasale, DJ; Dor, R; Winkler, DW; Lovette, IJ (Apr 2012). "Phylogeny of the Tachycineta genus of New World swallows: insights from complete mitochondrial genomes". Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution. 63 (1): 64–71. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.12.014.

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